N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Carpinus betulus Linné:

immature fuit:metabiosisSuperfamilia: Chalcidoidea

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Carpinus betulus Linné:

immature fuit:parasitismParornix carpinella
  Phalera bucephala
  Phyllonorycter esperella
  Phyllonorycter tenerella
sprouting of leaves:parasitismColeophora serratella
vegetative stage:episitism (predation)Orgyia (Orgyia) antiqua
  Stigmella microtheriella
 interaction by resources utilizationPhyllonorycter tenerella
 parasitismPhalera bucephala
  Phyllonorycter esperella
  Phyllonorycter tenerella
  Zygiobia carpini
young plant (non-reproducible):episitism (predation)Stigmella microtheriella
 interaction by resources utilizationCarpinus betulus
 parasitismParornix carpinella
  Phyllonorycter esperella
  Phyllonorycter tenerella
  Stigmella microtheriella
  Zygiobia carpini

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Carpinus betulus Linné:

immature fuit:metabiosisSuperfamilia: Chalcidoidea
vegetative stage:epoecyNarycia duplicella
  Proutia betulina