N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Frangula alnus (Linné):

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Frangula alnus (Linné):

beginning of flowering:parasitismPuccinia coronata
flowering:parasitismGonepteryx rhamni rhamni
  Puccinia coronata
immature fuit:parasitismBucculatrix frangutella
mature fruit:episitism (predation)Bucculatrix frangutella
 parasitismBucculatrix frangutella
sprouting of leaves:parasitismGonepteryx rhamni rhamni
vegetative stage:episitism (predation)Bucculatrix frangutella
 parasitismBucculatrix frangutella
young plant (non-reproducible):episitism (predation)Bucculatrix frangutella
 parasitismBucculatrix frangutella

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Frangula alnus (Linné):

beginning of flowering:epoecyPsyche casta