N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Phyllonorycter esperella (Goeze, 1783):

Mine:parasitismCarpinus betulus
  Carpinus orientalis
larva:parasitismCarpinus betulus

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Phyllonorycter esperella (Goeze, 1783):

Mine:interaction by resources utilizationParornix carpinella
  Phyllonorycter esperella
  Phyllonorycter tenerella
  Stigmella microtheriella
larva:episitism (predation)Superfamilia: Chalcidoidea

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Phyllonorycter esperella (Goeze, 1783):