N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Rubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus :

flowering:probiosisBrenthis daphne daphne
  Melitaea athalia celadussa
  Melitaea parthenoides

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Rubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus :

apical flower:parasitismStigmella aurella var.biol. aurella
flowering:parasitismMicropterix aglaella
  Thyatira batis batis
immature fuit:parasitismStigmella aurella var.biol. aurella
mature fruit:parasitismCoptotriche marginea
vegetative stage:episitism (predation)Coptotriche marginea

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Rubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus :