N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Rubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus subsect. Hiemales W.Watson:

flowering:aggregationRubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus subsect. Hiemales
 probiosisApis mellifera
  Argynnis paphia paphia
  Erebia aethiops aethiops
  Limenitis camilla

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Rubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus subsect. Hiemales W.Watson:

flowering:interaction by resources utilizationRubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus subsect. Hiemales
vegetative stage:parasitismCoptotriche marginea
  Stigmella aurella var.biol. aurella

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Rubus (Rubus) sect. Rubus subsect. Hiemales W.Watson: