N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Stigmella confusella (Wood & Walsingham, 1894):

Mine:parasitismBetula pendula
larva:episitism (predation)Betula
  Betula pendula

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Stigmella confusella (Wood & Walsingham, 1894):

Mine:interaction by resources utilizationStigmella betulicola

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Stigmella confusella (Wood & Walsingham, 1894):