N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Interactions between organisms

Interactions with other organisms giving positive impact to Stigmella sakhalinella Puplesis, 1984:

Mine:parasitismBetula pendula

Interactions with other organisms giving negative impact to Stigmella sakhalinella Puplesis, 1984:

Mine:episitism (predation)Superfamilia: Chalcidoidea

Interactions with other organisms giving neutral impact to Stigmella sakhalinella Puplesis, 1984: