N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Micropterix cypriensis Heath, 1985

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Micropterix cypriensis Heath, 1985: 338 - 340, fig. 3, 4
Type locality: Cyprus, Limassol, Yermasoyle
Type: Holotype : Cyprus, Limassol, Yermasoyle (UTM grid.ref. 36 S WDO4), 11.3.1979, leg. B. Gustaffson; (genitalia examination J.Heath Nr. 446); in coll NR, Stockholm

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
---

Habit:

 
: Cyprus, Platres, 1994.05.08, leg. Josef Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz : Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995.03.26 - 1995.04.02, leg. Josef Wimmer, coll. Christof Zeller : Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995.03.26 - 1995.04.02, leg. Josef Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

Scheme of wing pattern:

Description of adults: Examined: 6 , 31 . Forewing length: 2.5 – 3.6 mm; 2.8 –4.0 mm. Head dark brown, vestiture of hair-like scales on the head dirty to rusty yellow; antennae dark brown, bronzy golden shining, 4/5 (), respectively, slightly more than 1/2 () of forewing length; thorax and tegulae bronzy golden, reddish to purple distad, proximad sometimes also silvery; forewings bronzy golden to reddish bronzy golden, purple to purple-violet at apex and along costal and outer margin (along costa often only distad); forewings with silvery markings; near 1/4 a slender and straight fascia; a slender fascia at 1/2, slightly bent outwards; an elongated spot at 3/4 at costal margin extending across half of the wing width; near apex, two small spots at costal margin and at outer margin, the posterior spot often larger and sometimes fused with the anterior spot, thus forming a fourth fascia (rarely one of these or both spots are missing); rarely an additional small costal spot near 3/5 may be present; fringe golden, purple at its basis, whitish outwards; hindwings bronzy golden, especially apically with a strong purple tinge; fringe bronzy golden, lighter outwards; legs and abdomen brown, bronzy golden shining.

Distribution:

To present knowledge, M. cypriensis is endemic to Cyprus and has been found so far in the southern and western parts.

Biology:

     
A group of imagines on Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) Soo, probably feeding pollen: Cyprus, Akamas, Smigies, March 2004      
Picture from: © Thoma Richard
Detailed view
     

According to Wimmer (pers. comm.), the specimens were feeding in groups on yellow blossoms in an open-range area. The specimens photographed by Richard Thoma lived at the outskirts of a pine-forrest lined with broom, Cistus and Pistacia lentiscus, sitting on blossoms of Dactylorhiza romana (Sebastiani) Soo and probably feeding pollen (Richard Thoma pers. comm). The adults were found from late March till early May (Kurz et al. 2010).

Stages in development:

The early stages are unkown.

Anatomy:

-genitalia, prep.-no. 675, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995, leg. J.Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, preparation in caustic potash, prep.-no. 974, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995.03.30, leg. J. Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, permanent preparation, prep.-no. 974, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995.03.30, leg. J. Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, prep.-no. 672, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995, leg. J.Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     
-genitalia, receptaculum seminis in higher magnification, prep.-no. 974, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995.03.30, leg. J. Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Genitalia. Uncus moderately long, flattened, broadened at its tip; tegumen slender; accessory claspers tennis racket-like shaped with a posterior row and an irregular group of short, stout and thickened setae at the inner surface; additionally, beyond the accessory claspers two large, irregular, weakly sclerotized and folded lobes with sharp edged tips and some irregular, stout and thickened setae; valves moderately long, distinctly constricted in the middle, spatulate at the tips; postbasally a small group of short setae at the inner surface, the spatulate end with an irregular row of moderately long, stout and thickened setae at the inner surface.

Genitalia. Tergite IX missing; sternite IX much reduced, of no diagnostic value; papillae anales band-like sclerotized, the sclerotization broadened medially; receptaculum seminis short with more or less distinct striation.

Diagnosis:

M. cypriensis : Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995.03.26 - 1995.04.02, leg. Josef Wimmer, coll. Christof Zeller M. berytella : Lebanon, Beirut, 1961.03.10, leg. Vartian, coll. Michael Kurz M. elegans : Israel, near Jerusalem, En Hemed, 1998.05.01, leg. Renate Hausenblas, coll. Christof Zeller M. cypriensis, -genitalia, prep.-no. 675, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995, leg. J.Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
M. berytella -genitalia, prep.-no. 816, M. Kurz: Without data M. elegans, -genitalia, prep.-no. 776, M. Kurz: Israel, Mount Carmel, Ramat Hanadiv, 2001.02.12, leg. Schwartz-Tzachor Racheli, coll. Michael Kurz M. cypriensis, -genitalia, prep.-no. 672, M. Kurz: Cyprus, near Paphos, 1995, leg. J.Wimmer, coll. Michael Kurz M. berytella -genitalia, prep.-no. 965, M. Kurz: Libanon, Beirut, 1961.03.10, leg. Vartian, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     
M. elegans -genitalia, prep.-no. 964, M. Kurz: Israel, Mount Carmel, Ramat Hanadiv, 2001.02.12, leg. Schwartz-Tzachor Racheli, leg. Michael Kurz      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

No other species except Micropterix berytella Joannis, 1886 has a similar wing pattern. The latter is distributed allopatrically in Lebanon and Israel. Another similar species with respect to the male genitalia is Micropterix elegans Stainton, 1867. This species also inhabits Israel and has somewhat different wing markings. However, the male genitalia are highly diagnostic.

Phylogeny: Based on the male genitalia, M. berytella, M. elegans and M. cypriensis form a well defined group of closely related species. Characteristic for this group are not only the more or less enlarged accessory claspers with reduction of strongly modified setae, but especially the additional, partly folded lobes between accessory claspers and valves, which, in contrast to a group of relatives around Micropterix sicanella Zeller, 1847, bear also modified setae.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Heath, J. 1985. New species of Micropterix Hübner (Lepidoptera, Zeugloptera: Micropterigidae) from Greece and Cyprus; Nota lepidopterologica 8 (4): 336 - 340.
Kurz, M. A., M. E. Kurz & H. C. Zeller-Lukashort 2000–2010. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 30 March 2010].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2001.01.16
Kurz Michael: 2007.03.04
Kurz Michael: 2008.12.19
Kurz Michael: 2010.03.30
Kurz Michael: 2012.05.05
Kurz Michael: 2012.05.07
Kurz Michael: 2012.07.06
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2012.07.06
Document released by:
Kurz Michael: 2012.07.06

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