N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Oxyopes lineatus Latreille, 1806

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Oxyopes lineatus Latreille, 1806
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Sphasus lineatus C. L. Koch, 1836, Sphasus gentilis C. L. Koch, 1838; Sphasus italicus Walckenaer, Oxyopes italicus Thorell, 1872;

Habit:

     
: Fruška gora (Bukovac), 2006      
Picture from: © Savic Dragisa 2010
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: Examined: 2 and 3 Body length: about 7 mm, about 10 mm Both sex are pale yellow – brown, while legs are yellow – green with long spine. Abdomen is characteristically pointed with dorsal pattern that extends on whole abdomen and carapace. There is no significant difference in male and female colorization, only in body size.

Distribution:

According to Platnick (2010) species has Palaearctic distribution, but distribution in Europe is interesting. It is present in south and southeast countries, not in central and north, and from west counties only in France, Belgium and Switzerland (van Helsdingen, 2010).

Biology:

This unusual spiny creature, with common name Lynx spider is regular daytime hunter. He has a good vision, and waiting in ambush just for the right moment to strike a pray. It is difficult to see him hiding on the vegetation. For the species is characteristic some specific courtship behaviour. Mothers are very devoted. They closely guard the egg sack, and unable to hunt eventually die. Adults in Europe appear in Summer.

Anatomy:

male palp: cymbium elongated, 2 small tibial apophyse, no patellar apophyse female epigyna: with small scapus, in very characteristic shape for more details please see this spider key: further details (Nentwig et al. 2010)

Diagnosis:

Only in France, Spain, Portuguese, Italy, and Romania is recorded very similar species Oxyopes nigripalpis Kulczynski 1891, which is often confused with O.lineatus . Because of that it is possible that species has much wider distribution. O. nigripalpis same green colour as O.lineatus but lighter, and some differences in genital structure.

Importance for humans:

It can not bite, his jaws are to weak to penetrate the human skin

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Helsdingen, P. van 2010. Araneae. Fauna Europaea version 2.2., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 19 June 2010].
Nentwig W., A. Hänggi, C. Kropf & T. Blick 2003. Spinnen Mitteleuropas/Central European Spiders. An internet identification key. http://www.araneae.unibe.ch Version of 8.12.2003 [online 19 June 2010].
Platnick N. I. 2010. The world spider catalog, version 11.0. American Museum of Natural History, online at http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalog/index.html [online 19 June 2010].
Savic´ D. 2010. Nature Photography by Dragiša Savic´ online at http://www.naturefg.com/index.html [online 19 June 2010].

Publication data:

history:
Grbic Gordana: 2010.07.08
Grbic Gordana: 2010.12.03
Grbic Gordana: 2011.04.03
Grbic Gordana: 2011.04.08
Grbic Gordana: 2011.04.10
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2011.04.10
Document released by:
Grbic Gordana: 2011.04.10

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