N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Acrocercops brongniardella (Fabricius, 1798)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea Brongniardella Fabricius, 1798: 496, no. 83
Type locality: France
Type: Not stated

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Synonyms following De Prins & De Prins 2020:

G.[racillaria] substriga Haworth, 1828. Type locality: United Kingdom, Coomb Wood. Junior subjective synonym.
[Coriscium] Qercetellum Zeller, 1839. Type locality: Germany, Berlin, Fr.[ankfurt], Poland, Gl.[ogow]. Junior subjective synonym.
[Coriscium] Quercetellum Zeller, 1847. Justified emendation of Coriscium Qercetellum. Junior subjective synonym.
Elachista curtisella Duponchel, [1840]. Type locality: France, Paris. Junior subjective synonym.
Elachista quercetella Duponchel, [1843]. Type locality: Not stated, [France]. Junior subjective synonym.
A.[crocercops] infuscatus Caradja, 1920. Type locality: Russia, Far East, Kasakewitsch. Junior subjective synonym.
Acrocercops brogniardellum ab. disconigrellum Klemensiewicz, 1899. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Coriscium Brogniardella auctorum. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Distribution:

The species is distributed throughout Europe and temperate Asia to the Russian far East (De Prins & De Prins 2020). Vertical records are only documented from the lowlands, up to 450 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2010).

Biology:

The species inhabits deciduous woods, wood edges, parks and the Mediterranean macchia. In Europe, two generations per year are documented, with imagines from July to September or October and with larvae from May to June and in August, correspondingly. Imagines of both generations hibernate and reappear in April and May, the second generation being partly only. Negative influences by utilization of the same food plants, although mostly on different leaves, has been observed from the larvae of the following species: Heliozela lithargyrellum, Stigmella suberivora, Phyllonorycter messaniella, Plagiotrochus quercusilicis, Rhynchaenus alni, Rhynchaenus avellanae, but also by other larvae of the same species (Kurz & Kurz 2020). Rhysipolis decorator (Haliday, 1836) (Braconidae) has been recorded as a parasitoid of the larvae of A. brongniardella (De Prins & De Prins 2020).

Stages in development:

   
Mine on Quercus ilex: Toscana, Forte dei Marmi, Hotel Kyrton, 2015.06.14 Toscana, Forte dei Marmi, Hotel Kyrton, 2015.06.14    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Larva: The larva mines the leaves of various Quercus ssp. (Quercus robur, Q. petraea, Q. cerris, Q. pubescens, Q. rubra, Q. infectoria veneris, Q. lusitanica, Q. pyrenaica, Q. ilex, Q. coccifera) and of Castanea sativa (De Prins & De Prins 2020, Kurz & Kurz 2020).

Mine. The mine is a very large blotch on the upperside of the leaves with a characteristic silvery white upper epidermis. It starts as a contorted gallery, which is later consumed by the blotch.

Diagnosis:

In Europe, the species is unmistakeable and relatively easily recognizeable.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

De Prins, J. & W. De Prins 2006-2020. Global Taxonomic Database of Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera). URL: http://www.gracillariidae.net [online 2020.01.31].
Fabricius, J. C. 1798. Supplementum entomologiae systematicae, Hafniae: 480572.
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 20002020. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. URL: https://www.nkis.info [online 2020.01.31].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2017.04.11
Kurz Michael: 2020.01.31
Kurz Michael: 2020.02.02
not reviewed

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