N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Pharmacis (Pharmacis) fusconebulosa (De Geer, 1778)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena fusconebulosa De Geer, 1778: 598-599, pl. 44, fig. 16.
Type locality: Sweden, Leuftsa [Lövstabruk]
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:


The species is distributed nearly throughout Europe. Records are missing from Iceland, Portugal, the Tyrrhenian archipelago, Sicily (?) and parts of the Balkan Peninsula (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). In eastern Asia, Ph. fusconebulosa reaches Japan, where it is represented by ssp. askoldensis (Staudinger, 1887). The vertical distribution in Europe reaches from near sea-level in Fennoscandia up to 2400 m a.s.l. in the Alps (Kurz et al. 2009).


Depending on the altitude and geographical latitude, the imagines fly from late May till August, with most individuals in July and August (Kurz et al. 2009).

Worth knowing:


De Geer, C. 1778. Memoires pour servier a l´Histoire des Insectes. Tome septieme. Stockholm, 950 pp., 49 pls.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Hepialidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 21 July 2009].
Kurz, M. A., M. E. Kurz & H. C. Zeller-Lukashort 2000–2009. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online July 21, 2009].

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2009.07.21
Kurz Michael: 2012.02.25
Kurz Michael: 2017.04.26
not reviewed