N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Pharmacis (Pharmacis) fusconebulosa (De Geer, 1778)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena fusconebulosa De Geer, 1778: 598-599, pl. 44, fig. 16.
Type locality: Sweden, Leuftsa [Lövstabruk]
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Synonyms following Nielsen et al. 2000:

Phalaena mappa Donovan, 1801. Britain.
Hepialus nebulosator Haworth, 1802. emendation.
Bombyx velleda Hübner, [1808]. Austria
Hepialus nebolosus Haworth, 1809. emendation.
nebulosus Haworth, 1828. mis-spelling.
Hepialus gallicus Lederer, 1852. France.
Hepialus askoldensis Staudinger, 1887. Russia (Far East).
Hepialus minor Staudinger, 1887. Russia (Far East).
Hepialus hyperboreus Valle, 1931 nec Möschler, 1862. Finland.
Hepialus vallei Grönblom, 1936. replacement name.
Hepialus okninskyi Ermolajev, 1937. central Russia.
Hepialus latefasciatus Bytinski-Salz, 1939. Britain. Infrasubspecific.
Hepialus ornatus Bytinski-Salz, 1939. Britain. Infrasubspecific.
Korscheltellus centralis Viette, 1959. France.
Korscheltellus pyreneensis Viette, 1959. France.
Korscheltellus shetlandicus Viette, 1959. Britain.
Korscheltellus vosgesiacus Viette, 1959. France.
ascoldensis auctt., mis-spelling.
valei auctt., mis-spelling.


: Salzburg, Lungau, Mauterndorf, 1925.06.14, coll. Haus der Natur : Salzburg, Tennengau, Golling, Bluntau valley, 1947.07.07, coll. Haus der Natur    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view


The species is distributed nearly throughout Europe. Records are missing from Iceland, Portugal, the Tyrrhenian archipelago, Sicily (?) and parts of the Balkan Peninsula (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). In eastern Asia, Ph. fusconebulosa reaches Japan, where it is represented by ssp. askoldensis (Staudinger, 1887). The vertical distribution in Europe reaches from near sea-level in Fennoscandia up to 2400 m a.s.l. in the Alps (Kurz et al. 2009).


Depending on the altitude and geographical latitude, the imagines fly from late May till August, with most individuals in July and August (Kurz et al. 2009).

Worth knowing:


De Geer, C. 1778. Memoires pour servier a l´Histoire des Insectes. Tome septieme. Stockholm, 950 pp., 49 pls.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Hepialidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 21 July 2009].
Kurz, M. A., M. E. Kurz & H. C. Zeller-Lukashort 2000–2009. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online July 21, 2009].
Nielsen, E. S., G. S. Robinson, D. L. Wagner 2000. Ghost-moths of the world: a global inventory and bibliography of the Exoporia (Mnesarchaeoidea and Hepialoidea) (Lepidoptera). Journal of Natural History 34: 823-878.

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2009.07.21
Kurz Michael: 2012.02.25
Kurz Michael: 2017.04.26
Kurz Michael: 2020.07.16
not reviewed