N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Baltimartyria proavittella (Rebel, 1936)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Micropteryx proavittella Rebel, 1936a: 185-186, fig. 17
Type locality: None given; Baltic amber
Type: Holotype : "Micropteryx proavittella Rbl."; "LEP.SUCC. 238 IGPT/AWS, Baltimartyria gen.nov."; no. 1450/1; in coll. Institut und Museum für Geologie und Paläontologie der University, Tübingen

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Micropteryx(?) proavitella (sic!): Kusnezov, 1941: 69

Habit:

     
Image A from Skalski, 1976. Image B from Rebel, 1935      
Picture from: LepTree Team (creative commons)
Detailed view
     

Distribution:

The species is known from the type specimen from the Baltic region only.

Biology:

     
Computer model of a baltic amber forest.      
Picture from: Kurz Marion
Detailed view
     

The amber woods are assumed to be partly moist, coniferous woods. Similar plant associations have been found from southern North America across Northern Europe to eastern Asia (anonymous 2010). In a relatively warm period in the Eocene, the amber wood streched from Scandinavia to the Ural Mountains in a broad belt. In the south, it was bordered by an ocean, which reached far into eastern Europe and Asia. The wood consisted of coniferous trees, mainly Pinus succinifera and ancestors of the recent genus Pseudolarix.

Stages in development:

The early stages are unknown.

Worth knowing:

The fossil remnants of this species (whole body) have been found in Baltic amber. Their age has been determined as 44.1 ± 1.1 million years (Ritzkowski, 1997), thus attributing the species to the Lutetian stage of the Eocene (LepTree Team 2010).

Sources:

anonymous 2010. The Palaeobiolgy Database: URL: http://paleodb.org/cgi-bin/bridge.pl?user=Guest&action=displayHomePage [visited 29 January 2010].
Kusnezov, N. J. 1941. A Revision of the Amber Lepidoptera. [In Russian, with English descriptions.] 136 pp., 31 pis. Moscou, Leningrad
LepTree Team 2010. Accessed Jan 18, 2010 at http://www.leptree.net/fossil_page?species=Sabatinca%20proavitella%20(Rebel,%201935).
Rebel, H. 1936a. Bernstein-Lepidopteren. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift, Isis 49: 162-186, text-fig. 1-17.
Rebel, H. 1935. Mikrolepidopteren aus dem baltischen Bernstein. Forschung & Fortschritt: 372-373.
Ritzkowski, S. 1997. Geschichte der Bernsteinsammlung der Albertus-Universität zu Königsberg i. Pr., Verlag Glückauf GmbH, Essen

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2010.01.18
Kurz Michael: 2010.03.09
Kurz Michael: 2010.03.14
Kurz Michael: 2010.04.09
Kurz Michael: 2010.05.26
not reviewed

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