N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Parnassius (Tadumia) acco Gray, [1853]

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Parnassius acco Gray, [1853]: 76, pl. 12, fig. 5, 6.
Type locality: Chinese Tartary [...] on the plateau 16,000 feet high (China, Tibet, appr. 5000 m a.s.l.)
Type: Syntypes: 2 : China, Chinese Tartary (Tibet), Major Charlton leg., in coll. NHM, London

Habit:

 
P. acco goergneri: Tibet P. acco rosea: Tibet P. acco tagalangi: India  
Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
 

Description of adults (Bingham 1907): Wingspan: 52 - 70 mm. ". Upperside dull greyish white. Fore wing: costal margin and base with an irroration of black scales, the white scaling clearest and most dense in the cell, this last crossed by a medial and an apical short, broad, transverse jet-black band; beyond apex of cell an irregularly sinuous dusky-black discal band that usually extends from costa to vein 3, but in some specimens right up to the dorsal margin, in most it bears an anterior crimson spot; this is followed by less irregular and, in most specimens, slightly broader postdiscal and terminal similar transverse bands and a pre-ciliary slender continuous line on termen and dorsum. Hind wing: dorsal half of the wing dusky black, the outer or upper margin of this colour, irregularly indented; a discal, a subcostal and a basal black-encircled spot that varies in colour from crimson to pinkish yellow, followed by a subterminal series of black lunular spots and a narrow terminal band, crossed and interrupted by the white veining. Cilia of both wings conspicuously white. Underside with a glassy appearance. Fore wing nearly as on the upperside, but the black markings, except the two bars across the cell, only seen through by transparency from the upperside. Hind wing: ground-colour white, the discal, costal, and basal pink or crimson spots also apparently transparent only from the upperside; a discal double ill-defined series of black lunular markings, followed by a subterminal series of similar markings like those on the upperside, but of a duller black and less clearly defined. Antennae dull brownish black, with a more or less copious covering of scattered white scales; abdomen black, clothed with somewhat sparse, long, fine white hairs."

Distribution:

Following Häuser et al. (2005), the species has been found in Bhutan (?), China, India, Nepal and Pakistan. It occurs in the Himalayas from the Karakoram to Sikhim, at elevations of over 16000 feet (approx. 5000 m a.s.l.), and in Tibet (Bingham 1907).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Bingham, C. T. 1907. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Butterflies - Vol. II. Taylor & Francis, London, 480 pp., 20 pl.
Gray, J. E. 1852 [1853]. Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Papilionidae. Taylor & Francis, London, 81 pp., 15 pl.
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 15 January 2013].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2011.06.02
Kurz Michael: 2012.01.25
Kurz Michael: 2013.01.15
Kurz Michael: 2013.02.26
not reviewed

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