N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Catopsilia scylla (Linné, 1763)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio (Danaus) scylla Linnè 1763: 20-21.
Type locality: Java
Type: Lectotype : "scylla [Linnaeus]"; "scylla 763. rar. [Smith]"; in coll. The Linnean Collections at The Linnean Society of London (pictures).

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Papilio cornelia Fabricius, 1787: 21, no. 229. Type locality: None given. Subspecies.
Callidryas etesia Hewitson, 1867: [63], pl. [33], f. 5-6. Type locality: Australia, Queensland. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla asaema Staudinger, 1885: 39, (5): pl. 21. Type locality: Celebes. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla scylloides Fruhstorfer, 1903: 275. Type locality: Indonesia, Babber. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla bangkejana Fruhstorfer, 1903: 73. Type locality: Indonesia, Bangkei Island. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla ab. ascylla Fruhstorfer, 1903: 275. Type locality: W. Java; Lombok; Sumbawa. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Catopsilia scylla sidra Fruhstorfer, 1910: 163, pl. 68 b-c. Type locality: Indonesia, Sumbawa. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla praerubida Fruhstorfer, 1910: 164. Type locality: Indonesia, Flores. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla moluccarum Fruhstorfer, 1910: 164, pl. 68c. Type locality: Moluccas. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla f. minacia Fruhstorfer, 1910: 163, pl. 68 b. Type locality: Celebes. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Callidryas scylla f. obscura van den Bergh, 1917: 268. Type locality: ?. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Catopsilia scylla philea Krüger, 1929: 58. Type locality: Indonesia, Sumba. Secondary homonym of Papilio philea (= Phoebis philea) Linné, 1763.
Catopsilia scylla sumbana Krüger, 1929: 58. Type locality: Indonesia, Sumba. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla rosea Krüger, 1929: 59. Type locality: ?. Junior subjective synonym of Catopsilia scylla sumbana.

Habit:

Description of adults: Examined: 1 of ssp. cornelia, after Bingham (1907). Wing Expanse: 58-72 mm.

. Scaling of head short, distant, brown, partly mixed orange and whitish, in neck black-brown; labial palpi only slightly longer than head, somewhat bent upwards, orange-yellow; eyes large, semiglobular, brown; antennae about 2/5 of forewing length, brown, with scattered pinkish scales; antennal bulb light brown; thorax black, anteriorly, laterally and posteriorly, with scarce, longe, white hair-like scales; tegulae with similar duft of hair-like scales, but denser and mixed grey; forewing upperside chalk-white, distal 2/5 of costa, apex and outer margin black-brown in a moderately broad band; single black-brown scales at diskus; hindwing upperside shining orange-yellow, towards basis and along inner margin lighter yellow; at outer margin, on distal end of veins, indistinct, black-brown dots; at diskus, an indistinct, darker small spot; underside of forewing in posterior third chalk-white, otherwise, like the complete hindwing underside, dark yellow; both wings with very irregular, indistinct submarginal row of spots, the spots composed of scattered, red-grey scales; at apex and outer margin of forewing underside darker ornage, at diskus two red-grey, light centered spots; hindwing underside at outer margin, at distal end of veins with indistinct, black-brown spots and a red-grey, light centered spot at diskus; underside of thorax dark yellow, legs alike; abdomen black-brown at upperside, laterally and ventrally dull light yellow.

". Similar. Upperside, fore wing: ground-colour dull creamy-white, the black on apical portion of costa, on the apex itself and along the termen much broader; a discal series of ill-defined diffuse black spots curved strongly inwards anteriorly and a small discocellular diffuse black ring. Hind wing: as in the , the yellow of a duller shade that turns to pale pinkish white towards basal area above the cell; a discal series, sometimes obsolescent, of dull brownish-black lunular markings; the spots in the terminal series much larger and duller in colour than in the - Underside: as in the but all the black markings of the upperside replaced in rich pinkish-red tints. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen as in the " (Binham 1907).

Distribution:

The species is distributed from India throughout the Malayan subregion to China and Australia (Bingham 1907). Häuser et al. (2005) list the following countries: Australia, Fiji, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu.

Stages in development:

Description of early stages following Bingham (1907).

Larva. "Dark velvety green, with a yellowish-white lateral streak and some very minute black spots anterior to the streak, the whole surface delicately ringed or indented like a leech (Bingham 1907)." The following foodplants are listed by Savela (2015): Cassia fistula, C. obtusifolia, Tephrosia candida, Cassia tora, whereas Vane-Wright & de Jong (2003) also list Crateva and Senna sp.

Pupa. "Has a pointed head like that of C. crocale, but is shorter and more convex than the slender pupa of that species (Bingham 1907)."

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Bingham, C. T. 1907. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Butterflies - Vol. II. Taylor & Francis, London, 480 pp., 20 pl.
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 25 September 2012].
Linnaeus, C. [& B. Johansson] 1763. Centuria insectorum rariorum. Upsaliae 32pp.
Savela, M. 2015. Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Catopsilia Hübner, [1819]. - available at: http://ftp.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/pieridae/coliadinae/catopsilia/ [online 25 March 2015].
Vane-Wright, R. I. & R. de Jong 2003. The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 343: 1-267.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2015.04.10
not reviewed

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