Papilio (Danaus) scylla Linnè 1763: 20-21.|
Type locality: Java
Type: Lectotype : "scylla [Linnaeus]"; "scylla 763. rar. [Smith]"; in coll. The Linnean Collections at The Linnean Society of London (pictures).
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:|
Papilio cornelia Fabricius, 1787: 21, no. 229. Type locality: None given. Subspecies.
Callidryas etesia Hewitson, 1867: , pl. , f. 5-6. Type locality: Australia, Queensland. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla asaema Staudinger, 1885: 39, (5): pl. 21. Type locality: Celebes. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla scylloides Fruhstorfer, 1903: 275. Type locality: Indonesia, Babber. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla bangkejana Fruhstorfer, 1903: 73. Type locality: Indonesia, Bangkei Island. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla ab. ascylla Fruhstorfer, 1903: 275. Type locality: W. Java; Lombok; Sumbawa. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Catopsilia scylla sidra Fruhstorfer, 1910: 163, pl. 68 b-c. Type locality: Indonesia, Sumbawa. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla praerubida Fruhstorfer, 1910: 164. Type locality: Indonesia, Flores. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla moluccarum Fruhstorfer, 1910: 164, pl. 68c. Type locality: Moluccas. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla f. minacia Fruhstorfer, 1910: 163, pl. 68 b. Type locality: Celebes. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Callidryas scylla f. obscura van den Bergh, 1917: 268. Type locality: ?. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Catopsilia scylla philea Krüger, 1929: 58. Type locality: Indonesia, Sumba. Secondary homonym of Papilio philea (= Phoebis philea) Linné, 1763.
Catopsilia scylla sumbana Krüger, 1929: 58. Type locality: Indonesia, Sumba. Subspecies.
Catopsilia scylla rosea Krüger, 1929: 59. Type locality: ?. Junior subjective synonym of Catopsilia scylla sumbana.
Description of adults: Examined: 1 of ssp. cornelia, after Bingham (1907). Wing Expanse: 58-72 mm.
. Scaling of head short, distant, brown, partly mixed orange and whitish, in neck black-brown; labial palpi only slightly longer than head, somewhat bent upwards, orange-yellow; eyes large, semiglobular, brown; antennae about 2/5 of forewing length, brown, with scattered pinkish scales; antennal bulb light brown; thorax black, anteriorly, laterally and posteriorly, with scarce, longe, white hair-like scales; tegulae with similar duft of hair-like scales, but denser and mixed grey; forewing upperside chalk-white, distal 2/5 of costa, apex and outer margin black-brown in a moderately broad band; single black-brown scales at diskus; hindwing upperside shining orange-yellow, towards basis and along inner margin lighter yellow; at outer margin, on distal end of veins, indistinct, black-brown dots; at diskus, an indistinct, darker small spot; underside of forewing in posterior third chalk-white, otherwise, like the complete hindwing underside, dark yellow; both wings with very irregular, indistinct submarginal row of spots, the spots composed of scattered, red-grey scales; at apex and outer margin of forewing underside darker ornage, at diskus two red-grey, light centered spots; hindwing underside at outer margin, at distal end of veins with indistinct, black-brown spots and a red-grey, light centered spot at diskus; underside of thorax dark yellow, legs alike; abdomen black-brown at upperside, laterally and ventrally dull light yellow.
". Similar. Upperside, fore wing: ground-colour dull creamy-white, the black on apical portion of costa, on the apex itself and along the termen much broader; a discal series of ill-defined diffuse black spots curved strongly inwards anteriorly and a small discocellular diffuse black ring. Hind wing: as in the , the yellow of a duller shade that turns to pale pinkish white towards basal area above the cell; a discal series, sometimes obsolescent, of dull brownish-black lunular markings; the spots in the terminal series much larger and duller in colour than in the - Underside: as in the but all the black markings of the upperside replaced in rich pinkish-red tints. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen as in the " (Binham 1907).
The species is distributed from India throughout the Malayan subregion to China and Australia (Bingham 1907). Häuser et al. (2005) list the following countries: Australia, Fiji, Indonesia, New Caledonia, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu.
Stages in development:
Description of early stages following Bingham (1907).
Larva. "Dark velvety green, with a yellowish-white lateral streak and some very minute black spots anterior to the streak, the whole surface delicately ringed or indented like a leech (Bingham 1907)." The following foodplants are listed by Savela (2015): Cassia fistula, C. obtusifolia, Tephrosia candida, Cassia tora, whereas Vane-Wright & de Jong (2003) also list Crateva and Senna sp.
Pupa. "Has a pointed head like that of C. crocale, but is shorter and more convex than the slender pupa of that species (Bingham 1907)."
Bingham, C. T. 1907. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Butterflies - Vol. II. Taylor & Francis, London, 480 pp., 20 pl.
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 25 September 2012].
Linnaeus, C. [& B. Johansson] 1763. Centuria insectorum rariorum. Upsaliae 32pp.
Savela, M. 2015. Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Catopsilia Hübner, . - available at: http://ftp.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/pieridae/coliadinae/catopsilia/ [online 25 March 2015].
Vane-Wright, R. I. & R. de Jong 2003. The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 343: 1-267.
Kurz Michael: 2015.04.10