N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Eurytides bellerophon (Dalman, 1823)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio bellerophon Dalman, 1823: 37
Type locality: Brazil
Type: Lectotype : "Brasilia; D. Pastroin [? illegible]"; "Bellerophon; Dalm. Anal. Ent. p. 37"; "Lectoptype ; Papilio bellerophon; Dalman, 1823; G. Lamas det. 1992", in coll. Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet Stockholm

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Papilio coresilaus Godart, [1824]. Junior subjective synonym.
Protesilaus swainsonius Swainson, 1833. Junior subjective synonym.
Papilio bellerophon ab. confluens Hoffmann, 1934. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.

Habit:

     
     
Picture from: Seitz 1924
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: ". Antenna black, scaling of upperside black, usually fallen off. Black hairs of frons long. Tibiae and tarsi pale green, scales preserved in fresh specimens only; inner tibial spur longer than outer. Wings yellowish white. Forewing semitransparent; four black bands, one across cell, stopping short in front of M2, a second on cross-veins, joined at lower angle of cell to the third, which extends from costal margin to hinder angle or close to the angle, a fourth being marginal; scales of yellowish white areas very narrow, separate, sinuate, in posterior and basal areas alternately hair-shaped and triangular; on underside as above, but scales large and entire in posterior area of wing. Hindwing much denser scaled than forewing, scales entire in costal area, abdominal and central areas from base to median band rather densely hairy; black median band thin, vestigial in front, slightly curved, touching apex of cell; the band complete on underside, centred with a more or less incomplete red line; scales of yellowish areas much narrower than on upperside, interspersed with fine hairs from base to median band. The female larger than male; wings broader, distal margin of forewing more convex, red line of median band of hindwing vestigial on upperside; the median band more or less dilated in centre of wing on distal side, reminding one of P. salcini." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Distribution:

Following Häuser et al. (2005), the species occurs in Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil.

Biology:

     
E. bellerophon and Marpesia coresia: Brazil, Sao Paulo, 2011.09.20      
Picture from: www.flickr.com: © Mario Martins
Detailed view
     

Stages in development:

Larva. The larvae feed on Guatteria nigrescens (wikipedia 2012).

Anatomy:

Neuration. "SC of forewing absent; C ending farther distad than in other species; PC of hindwing elbowed or nearly evenly curved; D1 of hindwing about twice the length of D2, D3 as long as or a little shorter than D4, angle of cell a little less than 90°." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Scent-organ: "fold woolly, scales before and behind SM2 entire, large, some scales of this kind also beneath the wool, which consists of thin long hairs, widest in middle, and of longer and thicker stiff hairs which end in an abrupt point." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Genitalia. "Tenth tergite long, compressed, trilobate at apex; dorso-ventral ridge of harpe nearly continuous with dorsal edge of apical lobe, extending close to the rounded apex of this lobe, ventral margin of harpe dentate, the harpe produced proximally into a rounded lobe which reaches close to the ventral process, central process strongly compressed, abruptly pointed." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Dalman, J. W. 1823. Analecta entomologica. Cum tabulis IV aeneis Holmiae typis Lindhianis. 108 pp.
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 25 September 2012].
Rothschild, W. & K. Jordan 1906. A Revision of the American Papilios. Novitates Zoologicae XIII: 411-752, pl. IV-IX.
Seitz, A. 1924. The Macrolepidoptera of the World. 5. Volume: The American Rhopalocera. Verlag Alfred Kernen. Stuttgart, 1139 pp., 203 pl.
Wikipedia contributors. Eurytides bellerophon, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 August 2012, 18:38 UTC, [online 27 September 2012].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.25
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.26
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.27
not reviewed

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