N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Eurytides dolicaon (Cramer, [1775])

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio Eques Achivus dolicaon Cramer, [1775]: 25, pl. 17, fig. C, D.
Type locality: East India [sic!, Guyana]
Type: Syntype : "Type"; "dolicaon; Original zu; Cramer 17 c,d; teste Maszen [?]; ex coll. Mus Leyden"; in coll. Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin.

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
The following compilation is based on Savela (2012).

Papilio deicoon C. & R. Felder, 1864: 300. Type locality: Brazil. Subspecies.
Papilio dolicaton draconarius f. frustulum Fruhstorfer, 1907: 308. Type locality: Brazil. Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro. Unavailable infrasubspecific name.
Papilio deileon C. & R. Felder, 1865: 48. Type locality: "Bogota". Subspecies.
Papilio deileon C. & R. Felder, 1864: 300. Type locality: "Bogota". Nomen nudum.
Papilio dolicaon draconarius Fruhstorfer, 1907: 307. Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas. Junior subjective synonym of Eurytides dolicaon deileon.
Papilio dolicaon anemos Fruhstorfer, 1910: 192. Type locality: Brazil, Mato Grosso. Junior subjective synonym of Eurytides dolicaon deileon.
Papilio dolicaon xanthophilus Röber, 1925. Type locality: Ecuador, Macas. Junior subjective synonym of Eurytides dolicaon deileon.
Papilio dolicaon tromes Rothschild & Jordan, 1906: 742. Type locality: Venezuela. Subspecies.
Eurytides dolicaon septentrionalis Brown, 1994. Type locality: Panama. Subspecies.
Eurytides dolicaon hebreus Brown & Lamas, 1994. Type locality: Colombia. Replacement name for Papilio dolicaon hebrus Rothschild & Jordan, 1906 (praeocc.). Subspecies.
Papilio dolicaon hebrus Rothschild & Jordan, 1906. Novit. Zool. 13 (3): 741. Type locality: Colombia. Junior primary homonym of Papilio hebrus Cramer, 1775.
Eurytides (Eurytides) dolicaon cauraensis Möhn, 2002: 6, pl. 30, f. 4, pl. 34, f. 4. Type locality: Venezuela, Rio Caura. Subspecies.

Dolicaon Kite Swallowtail

Habit:

   
plate 17 E. dolicaon deileon    
Picture from: Cramer [1775]
Detailed view
Picture from: Seitz 1924
Detailed view
   

Description of adults: ". Head and breast black, dotted with white; abdomen buffish clay-colour, black lines usually broader basally than apically. Apex of antenna tawny ochraceous. - Forewing: black patch across cell oblique, continued anteriorly to base; greenish white subapical interspace of cell often washed with black on upperside, as in P. serville; a row of three to six spots distally of cell from costal margin to R3, rarely a spot behind R3, the spots more or less elongate, separate; on underside this row of spots replaced by a very broad, glossy, purplish buff band, which usually extends to M2 or beyond. - Hindwing broader and shorter than in P. serville, costal margin not much shorter than distal margin; black distal border broad, usually dentate at some of the veins, dilated between SC2 and R1 in most specimens, a spot of the ground-colour being isolated between these veins; a row of pale blue admarginal dots, two in each cellule, those between C and R1 usually absent or vestigial; two rows of such spots on underside; no red anal spot; black discal band crossing cell at M2, the branch across cell standing at right angles (or nearly) to the costal portion, which is about parallel to abdominal margin; tail thin, apex buff yellow.
like male, larger, black distal areas of both wings and cell-band of forewing, as well as the greenish white discal costal band of spots on forewing, reduced." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Distribution:

The species has been found in the following countries: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Panama (Häuser et al. 2005). Rothschild & Jordan (1906) also give Venezuela, the Guyana´s, Surinam and Paraguay as being inhabitated by E. dolicaon.

Biology:

     
2011.10.03      
Picture from: www.flickr.com: © Rich Hoyer
Detailed view
     

E. dolicaon is present in lowlands with wet rainforest at an elevation of about 0 – 400 m a.s.l. (wikipedia 2012).

Stages in development:

Larva. Larvae feed on Guatteria species, Ocotea species and Nectandra membranacea (wikipedia 2012).

Anatomy:

Neuration. "SC of forewing confluent with C ; SC2 free." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Genitalia. "Clasper without ventral process, or the process vestigial; proximal ventral angle of harpe somewhat produced basad; central ridge regularly dentate, the teeth conical, especially those along the proximal edge, a short transverse row near ventral angle." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Cramer, P. & C. Stoll ([1775]-1782). De uitlandsche kapellen, voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America (= Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde, l´Asie, l´Afrique et l´Amerique). S. J. Baalde & Barthelemy Wild: Amsterdam and Utrecht. 4 vol.
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 1 October 2012].
Rothschild, W. & K. Jordan 1906. A Revision of the American Papilios. Novitates Zoologicae XIII: 411-752, pl. IV-IX.
Savela, M. 2012. Lepidoptera and some other life forms. Papilio Linnaeus, 1758. - available at: http://ftp.funet.fi/index/Tree_of_life/insecta/lepidoptera/ditrysia/papilionoidea/papilionidae/papilioninae/papilio/index.html [online 1 October 2012].
Seitz, A. 1924. The Macrolepidoptera of the World. 5. Volume: The American Rhopalocera. Verlag Alfred Kernen. Stuttgart, 1139 pp., 203 pl.
Wikipedia contributors Eurytides dolicaon, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 11 February 2012, 20:54 UTC, [online 1 October 2012].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.30
Kurz Michael: 2012.10.02
not reviewed

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