N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Eurytides serville (Godart, [1824])

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio serville Godart, 1824: 809.
Type locality: America meridionalis, probably Bolivia (Rothschild & Jordan 1906)
Type: Probably lost (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Papilio servillaei [sic!] Lucas, 1838: 50. Type locality: unknown. Misspelling.
Papilio hippodamus Doubleday, 1845; Type locality: Colombia. Nomen nudum.
Papilio servillei Gray, 1852: 36 (partim). Type locality: unknown. Misspelling.
Papilio columbus Kollar, 1850: 351. Type locality: Colombia, Rio Meta. Subspecies.
Papilio hippodamus Felder, 1864: 300. Type Locality: Colombia, Bogota. Junior subjektive synonym of Papilio columbus Kollar, 1850.
Papilio burtoni Reakirt, 1868: 89. Type locality: Colombia, Issagasuga. Junior subjektive synonym of Papilio columbus Kollar, 1850.
Papilio servillei Boisduval, 1874: 187. Type locality: "America". Misspelling.
Papilio hippodamus var. fulva Oberthür, 1880: 74. Type locality: Colombia, Muzo. Junior subjektive synonym of Papilio columbus Kollar, 1850.
Papilio servillei var. hippodamus Staudinger, 1884: 17. Type locality: North Colombia, Venezuela. Primary homonym of Papilio hippodamus Felder, 1864.
Papilio boliviana Weeks, 1905: 20. Type locality: Chulumani. Nomen nudum [dealer´s name ?].
Papilio serville acritus Rothschild & Jordan, 1906: 735. Type locality: Venezuela. Subspecies ?.

Habit:

   
E. serville serville E. serville columbus    
Picture from: Seitz 1924
Detailed view
Picture from: Seitz 1924
Detailed view
   

Description of adults

Eurytides serville serville: ". Dots on head and breast always present; abdomen always with two pale stripes on each side, the upper one being broad. Cell-streaks of forewing heavier than in P. s. acritus; the subapical cell-patch always washed with brown. The pale patches in the distal area of the underside of the hindwing on the whole more distinct, and the upper one of them nearer the basi-discal area than in acritus; the hindwing on an average less elongate." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Eurytides serville acritus: This form is between P. serville serville and P. serville columbus. ". Dots on head and breast usually small, sometimes absent; abdomen often all black, the clayish lateral stripe absent or thin. The cell-streaks on forewing often absent, seldom heavy. The pale submarginal spot C—SC2 on underside of hindwing standing usually in middle between distal margin and pale basi-discal area." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Eurytides serville columbus: "The black distal area of the hindwing is usually separated from the cell, but occasionally touches it, though it never enters it, as the band so often does in P. serville. The size of the small greenish costal band of the forewing and of the subapical cell-patch is very variable. In one of our specimens the anal spot of the hindwing is not red, but nearly as pale as the ground-colour of the wing. Oberthür, l.c., mentions a similar colour-aberration as ab. fulva.
The female resembles the male, the black bands being a little less extended." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Distribution:

The species is distributed from Northern Venezuela and Colombia to Bolivia, Ecuador and Brazil (Rothschild & Jordan 1906, Häuser et al. 2005). Following Rothschild & Jordan (1906), the vertical distribution reaches at least from about 3000 to 4500 ft. (appr. 1000 - 1500 m).

Anatomy:

Neuration. "SC and SC2 of fore wing confluent with C, SC2 seldom free." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Genitalia. "Ventral process of clasper minute; central ridge of harpe a halfcrescent, acuminate ventrally and dorsally, the ventral angle being produced basad." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Godart, J. B. 1819-[1824]. Papillon. In: Latreille & Godart, Encyclopédie méthodique. Histoire naturelle. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes. Paris; veuve Agasse. Volume 9(1): i-ii, 3-328 pp. [before 13 April] 1819]; 9(2): 329-828 pp. [before 17 Jul 1824].
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 29 August 2012].
Rothschild, W. & K. Jordan 1906. A Revision of the American Papilios. Novitates Zoologicae XIII: 411-752, pl. IV-IX.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.30
Kurz Michael: 2012.11.29
Kurz Michael: 2012.11.30
not reviewed

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