N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Eurytides callias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio callias Rothschild & Jordan, 1906: 739
Type locality: Brazil, river Amazon [Villa Nova following Rothschild & Jordan 1906]
Type: unknown

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Papilio columbus Hewitson, 1851: 98. Primary homonym of Papilio columbus Kollar, 1850.

Callias Kite Swallowtail

Habit:

   
Papilio columbus    
Picture from: Hewitson 1851
Detailed view
Picture from: Seitz 1924
Detailed view
   

Description of adults: Wing expanse: 3,3 inch (= 84 mm, Hewitson 1851). ". Body clayish white beneath, with the usual black lines on abdomen; clayish dorso-lateral stripe of abdomen broad. Antennae brownish black (Haase, l.c., erroneously describes the club as tawny). Wings, upperside: forewing subtransparent apically, the scales being reduced in width; pattern nearest to that of P. dolicaon, greenish white area distally almost evenly rounded; short costal discal band usually stopping short at R1, never extending beyond R2, variable in width from 1 to 4 mm. Hindwing shorter than in P. salvini, orabilis, dioxippus, etc., but distinctly triangular, dentate, tooth R2 usually prolonged to a short tail, tail R3 thin; black distal marginal area produced discad on veins R2 and following, usually a black bar on disc in front of and again behind SC2 corresponding to the discal band of underside; red anal spot varying from being large and rounded to being transverse and thin. On underside the most interesting character in pattern is the black forked discal band of the hindwing; the proximal branch usually touches apex of cell, being seldom so far proximal that the extremity of the cell is occupied by a spot of the ground-colour. The outer branch is short, joining the distal marginal area at R2. The greenish white interspaces between the two branches vary much in width, being sometimes shaded over with brown."
". Besides the difference in the discal band of the hindwing as just mentioned [see diagnosis], the female differs from the male in the black cell-band of the forewing being narrowed to a point. The red anal spot of the upperside is large; the greenish white spot M1—M2 standing near the red spot is surrounded with black, being separated from the greenish white basi-discal area, which is occasionally the case also in male." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Distribution:

Following Häuser et al. (2005), the species occurs in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

Biology:

     
Peru, Rive de la Tambopata, August 2004      
Picture from: http://picasaweb.google.com: Gayman, J.M. (creative commons)
Detailed view
     

Anatomy:

Neuration. SC1 of forewing joining C; SC2 free (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Genitalia. No ventral process on clasper; ventral proximal angle of harpe produced basad; central ridge with transverse dentate ridge. (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Diagnosis:

"The development of the two branches [of the black forked discal band of the hindwing] in the allied species is peculiar: in P. salvini the outer branch has disappeared, in P. orabilis, serville, and columbus Kollar (1850) the inner branch has become obliterated, being often indicated by a thin line between R2 and R3, and in P. dolicaon and iphitas both branches are preserved, but the proximal one has been shifted basad, standing at right angles (or nearly) to the abdominal margin. Now, in the female of callias the whole band is shifted distad, crossing R2 about 3 mm from cell; the costal interspace between the band and the distal border is practically absent, there being just a pale shadow between C and SC2, and the spots of the ground-colour between the two branches of the band are reduced to small spots of a buffish tint." (Rothschild & Jordan 1906).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 29 August 2012].
Hewiston, W. C. 1851. Descriptions of New Butterflies, with Drawings, also Remarks on the Sexes of some Papilios. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London n.s. v. I: 97-100, pl. 10.
Rothschild, W. & K. Jordan 1906. A Revision of the American Papilios. Novitates Zoologicae XIII: 411-752, pl. IV-IX.
Seitz, A. 1924. The Macrolepidoptera of the World. 5. Volume: The American Rhopalocera. Verlag Alfred Kernen. Stuttgart, 1139 pp., 203 pl.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.25
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.26
Kurz Michael: 2012.09.28
not reviewed

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