N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Archon bostanchii (De Freina & Naderi, 2003)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Archon apollinaris bostanchii De Freina & Naderi, 2003: 429-434, 474-477.
Type locality: Iran, Lorestan, Khabir Kuh, Pol-e Dokhtar
Type: Holotype : in coll. Plant Pests & Diseases Research Institute, Tehran

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Distribution:

The species is endemic to western Iran, with a small distribution area only. It has been found on the foothills of a small isolated mountain range at an altitude of 800 - 900 m a.s.l. in the most south-western slopes of Khabir Kuh just close to Khorestan plateau (De Freina & Naderi 2003, Nazari 2008).

Biology:

     
: Iran      
Picture from: www.tolweb.org: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
     

A. bostanchii inhabits a semi-arid mountain area with a more hot and damp climate, compared to the Zagros Range (De Freina & Naderi 2003). The imagines fly in one generation per year in early spring.

Stages in development:

Larva. The larvae are reported to feed on Aristolochia olivieri (Nazari 2008).

Diagnosis:

 
A. bostanchii : Iran A. apollinaris : Western Iran A. apollinus bellargus : Israel, Haifa, Zichron Yaakov, 2006.02.27  
Picture from: www.tolweb.org: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Carbonell Frédéric (creative commons)
Detailed view
Picture from: © Zeller Christof
Detailed view
 

A. bostanchii has originally been described as a subspecies of Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, 1892). Detailed morphological and genetical studies however, have shown its specific status (Carbonell & Michel 2007, Nazari & Sperling 2007). Externally, A. bostanchii differs from A. apollinaris by its even smaller size and the more rounded form of the hindwings. The forewings, especially in females, are suffused with a densely extended dusty pattern. Both discal spots are small, not reaching costa. Dust-like markings on the hindwing appear on the anterior margin, and in females densely cover almost the entire wing area except for a small postdiscal band. The greyish wing margin on the hindwing is much broader than in A. apollinaris, the blue and red spots being vestigial or reduced to small rounded dull dark red and blue ones (De Freina & Naderi 2003).
From Archon apollinus (Herbst, 1798), A. bostanchii mainly differs by its smaller size, the dense irroration on the hindwing upperside in females and by the reduced blue and red spots on the hindwings.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Carbonell, F. and M. Michel 2007. Une espèce jumelle méconnue du genre Archon Hübner, 1822 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 112 (2): 141-150.
De Freina, J. J. & A. R. Naderi 2003. Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von Archon apollinaris (Staudinger, 1892) aus dem südwestlichen Zentral Zagros, bostanchii subspec. nov., mit ergänzenden Angaben zur Gesamtverbreitung der Art (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae, Parnassiini). Atalanta (Marktleuthen) 34: 429-434, 474-477.
Nazari, V. 2008. Archon bostanchii (De Freina and Naderi 2003). Version 12 March 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Archon_bostanchii/118677/2008.03.12 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/.
Nazari, V. & F. A. H. Sperling 2007. Mitochondrial DNA divergence and phylogeography in western palaearctic Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): How many species are there? Insect Systematics and Evolution, 38(2): 121-138.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2011.03.07
Kurz Michael: 2011.05.31
Kurz Michael: 2011.06.27
Kurz Michael: 2011.06.28
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2011.06.28
Document released by:
Kurz Michael: 2011.06.28

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