N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Parnassius (Kailasius) augustus (Fruhstorfer, 1903)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Parnassius imperator augustus Fruhstorfer, 1903: 113.
Type locality: "von der Sikkim Tibetanischen Grenze, gefangen auf 18,000´" [India: Sikkim]
Type: Syntype : in coll. ZMKU, Kiev (Häuser et al. 2005)


Picture from:
Detailed view

Description of adults (Bingham 1907): Wingspan: 79 - 84 mm. ". Upperside: creamy-white. Fore wing: costa and base closely irrorated with black scales ; the usual short transverse medial and apical black bars across the cell, followed by irregularly sinuous, broad, transverse, dusky-black discal and postdiscal, complete bands that extend from the costa to the dorsum; the discal band very broad, below the apex of cell bent inwards and almost completely filling the base of interspaces 2 and 3; the terminal margin broadly dusky hyaline black. Hind wing: the dorsal margin up to the subcostal vein and downwards to a little above the toraus densely irrorated with black scales and with scattered long white hairs; an upper basal black-encircled crimson spot; another in the middle of interspace 7 and a third in interspace 5, the latter two centred with white; beyond there is an irregular, sinuous, postdiscal dusky-black transverse band from costa to vein 4, posterior to which in interspaces 2 and 3 are two prominent round black subtornal spots, broadly centred with blue; lastly, the terminal margin narrowly dusky black. Cilia of both fore and hind wings prominently yellowish white. Underside similar; glassy markings similar, but mostly seen by transparency from above: faint indications of an additional crimson spot at base of cell and base of interspace 1. Antennae brownish black, obscurely annulated with brown; head, thorax and abdomen black, the latter two studded with long white hairs."


The species has been found at approximately 15000 - 16000 feet (appr. 4650 - 5000 m a.s.l., Bingham 1907). It is distributed in India, Sikkim and China, eastern Tibet.

Worth knowing:


Bingham, C. T. 1907. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Butterflies - Vol. II. Taylor & Francis, London, 480 pp., 20 pl.
Fruhstorfer, H. 1903. Parnassius imperator augustus n. subsp. Societas entomologica 18 (15): 113.

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2013.02.27
Kurz Michael: 2013.03.08
Kurz Michael: 2019.02.15
not reviewed