N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Micropterix wockei Staudinger, 1871

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Micropteryx wockei Staudinger, 1871: 231-232, t. 3, fig. 5
Type locality: Greece
Type: Holotype : Graecia; Origin. wockei Stgr.; Typus; wockei Stgr. Type; Zool. Mus. Berlin; Mikr. prep. No. A. Zagulajev, 10.IV.82; [backside] Micropterix wockei Stgr. gen. praep. , A. Zagulajev 10.IV.82; in coll. MNB, Berlin

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

   
: Greece, Epirus, near Ioannina, Kalenzi, 2002.05.11, leg. Hausenblas & Zeller, coll. Christof Zeller : Greece, Epirus, near Ioannina, Kalenzi, 2002.05.11, leg. Hausenblas & Zeller, coll. Christof Zeller    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Scheme of wing pattern:

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 2 . Forewing length: 3.4 mm, 4.2 mm. Head black-brown, vestiture of hair-like scales on the head dirty yellow; antennae black-brown, slightly golden shining, 4/5 (), respectively, 1/2 (img src=../female.gif>) of forewing length; thorax bronzy golden, purple distad, tegulae purple to purple violet; forewings purple to purple violet, distad with bronze golden reflections; markings light golden to golden, somewhat diffuse: At 1/5 a moderately broad fascia across the whole wing width, slightly bent inwards, distinctly constricted towards costa and quite diffuse near costa and inner margin; at 1/2 another fascia of similar width across the whole wing width, slightly bent outwards; at 3/4 a more or less oval-shaped, inwardly oblique spot from costa across 2/3 of the wing width; fringe coppery, lighter outwards; hindwings bronze golden to coppery with a strong purplish tinge; fringe coppery, partly suffused purple, lighter outwards; abdomen and legs black-brown, golden shining.

Distribution:

Confirmed records of M. wockei are known only from Greece so far (Kurz & Kurz 2011). Records from Italy (Heath 1965b, Karsholt & Nieukerken 2011) belong to Micropterix cassinella Kurz, Kurz & Zeller 2010, whereas those from Crete (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2011) seem to be doubtful at least. The investigated specimens have been caught in northern and central Greece. Records on vertical distribution are scarce and cover a range from 100 - 600 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2011).

Biology:

There aren´t any data available about the biology of the species. The imagines have been found in May (Kurz & Kurz 2011).

Stages in development:

The early stages are unknown.

Anatomy:

 
-genitalia, prep.-no. 766 M. Kurz: Greece, Epirus, near Ioannina, Kalenzi, 2002.05.11, leg. et coll. Christof Zeller -genitalia, prep.-no. 717 M. Kurz: "Griechenland; Parnaß 1200 m; 16. - 18.6.96; Dr. Grünewald", coll. Grünewald -genitalia, prep.-no. 717 M. Kurz: "Griechenland; Parnaß 1200 m; 16. - 18.6.96; Dr. Grünewald", coll. Grünewald  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

genitalia. Tegumen somewhat elongate; uncus very short and stout; beneath the uncus a well sclerotized, twin structure of curved and slender shape, bearing long hair-like setae at its tip; accessory claspers nearly square-like with a fold near the anterior margin, bearing a group of 4 - 5 moderately long and straight, distally sometimes T-like enlarged, stout and thickened setae at its distal end; at the base of this group of setae another group of inwardly directed setae; at the inner surface of the accessory claspers, the group of stout setae is preceeded by a row of increasingly shorter and less stout setae; above this row is another row of weak setae; valvae slender and moderately long; at their inner side, postbasally two strong and some weak setae; their spatulate end bearing two rows of short to very short, stout and thickened setae and a row of long thin setae at the inner surface.

genitalia. Tergite IX missing; sternite IX reduced with diffuse lateral margins; papillae anales with broad, band-like, but somewhat indistinct sclerotization; ductus seminalis short, straight and thin, forming a cap-like structure at the beginning of the receptaculum seminis; the latter short and stout with a more indistinct striation.

Diagnosis:

M. wockei : Greece, Epirus, near Ioannina, Kalenzi, 2002.05.11, leg. Hausenblas & Zeller, coll. Christof Zeller M. cassinella ALLOTYPE: IT, Monte Cassino, Terelle, 1970.06.24, leg. Josef Klimesch, coll. Zoologische Sammlung des Bayrischen Staates, Munich (ZSM) M. klimeschi HOLOTYPE: Turkey, Anatolia, Pisidia, Beysehir Gölü, Dedegöl dag, 1966.06.15, leg. Klimesch, coll. Zoologische Sammlung des Bayrischen Staates, Munich (ZSM) M. tuscaniensis : Tuscany, Alpi Apuane, near Massa, Campareccia, 1992.05.30, leg. Hausenblas, Zeller & Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
M. aureatella : "Alpenvorland; Thalgau/Sbg. 6/3;20.5.1989; 12.40-14.05 h; leg. M.K", coll. Michael Kurz M. wockei, -genitalia, prep.-no. 766, M. Kurz: Greece, Epirus, near Ioannina, Kalenzi, 2002.05.11, leg. et coll. Christof Zeller M. cassinella -genitalia, prep.-no. 765, M. Kurz: PARATYPE; Lazio, Frosinone, Capo d´Acqua, 1200 m, 1982.07.08, leg. Josef Klimesch, coll. Michael Kurz M. klimeschi -genitalia, prep.-no. 504, M. Kurz: PARATYPE, Greece, Aegean islands, Rhodos, Faliraki, 1983.04.15, leg. J.Klimesch, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
M. tuscaniensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 894, M. Kurz: Tuscany, Alpi Apuane, near Massa, Campareccia, 1992.05.30, leg. H/Z/K, coll. Michael Kurz M. aureatella genitalia, prep.-no. 202, C. Zeller: Salzburg, Flachgau, Eugendorf, Unzing, Wörlemoos, 2003.05.17, leg. Hausenblas & Zeller, coll. Christof Zeller M. wockei -genitalia, prep.-no. 717 M. Kurz: "Griechenland; Parnaß 1200 m; 16. - 18.6.96; Dr. Grünewald", coll. Grünewald M. cassinella -genitalia, prep.-no. 759, M. Kurz: Campania, San Salvatore Telesino, 2000.06.10, leg. Lastuvka, coll. Jan Liska
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: © Zeller Christof
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 
M. klimeschi -genitalia, prep.-no. 516, M. Kurz: PARATYPE, Greece, Aegean islands, Rhodos, city of Rhodos, Mount Smith, 1987.05.13, leg. J.Klimesch, coll. Michael Kurz M. tuscaniensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 895, M. Kurz: Tuscany, Alpi Apuane, near Massa, Campareccia, 1992.05.30, leg. H/Z/K, coll. Michael Kurz M. aureatella -genitalia, prep.-no. 808, M.Kurz: Vorarlberg, Brandnertal, Böser Tritt, 1700 m, 2004.07.30, leg. Puchmayr & Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

The animals from Italy, which have until recently been attributed to this species (see Kozlov 1989), are specifically distinct (= Micropterix cassinella Kurz, Kurz & Zeller 2010). Externally, they can be distinguished from M. wockei by their broader inner fascia, which is constricted towards the costa. In Micropterix tuscaniensis Heath, 1960 from Italy, this fascia is nearly triangle-shaped, being very broad on the inner margin and converging nearly to a point at the costa. Furthermore, M. tuscaniensis mostly has a bronzy golden outer margin. The fasciae in Micropterix klimeschi klimeschi Heath, 1973 are distinctly broader than in M. wockei, the spot at 3/4 mostly also reaches the inner margin. Very similar further is Micropterix aureatella (Scopoli, 1763). This species normally is somewhat larger, but for certainty a genitalic investigation is necessary due to the fact, that the distribution ranges of both species may overlap in the south-eastern Balkans. All species mentioned, are easily separable by their male genitalia. In the female genitalia, distinguishing features have not yet been worked out due to the lack of material, but the receptaculum seminis seems to be distinctly shorter and stouter in M. wockei compared to M. aureatella.

Phylogeny: Due to homologies in the structure of the male genitalia, it is assumed that M. wockei is an ancient relative of M. aureatella. Nevertheless, the genitalia in M. wockei are very distinct and do not show any closer relationship to any other species in the genus.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Heath, J. 1965b. Ergebnisse der Albanien-Expedition 1961 des Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes, 33. Beitrag, Lepidoptera: Micropterigidae. – Beiträge zur Entomologie 15: 641–647.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2011. Micropterigidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.4., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 17 May 2011].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2011. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 17 May 2011].
Kozlov, M.V. 1989. Kratkij ozor i opredelitelonaja tablitsa vidov roda Micropterix (Lepidoptera, Micropterigidae) palearktiki, part 2. – Vestnik zoologii 1989 (6): 26–31 [In Russian].
Staudinger, O. 1871. Beitrag zur Lepidopterenfauna Griechenlands. Horae Societas Entomologica Rossica, 7: 3-303.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2008.11.24
Kurz Michael: 2008.11.27
Kurz Michael: 2010.01.25
Kurz Michael: 2010.10.12
Kurz Michael: 2011.05.17
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2011.05.17
Document released by:
Kurz Michael: 2011.05.17

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