N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Stigmella nylandriella (Tengström, 1848)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Lyonetia nylandriella Tengström, 1848: 152.
Type locality: Finland, Helsingfors [Helsinki]
Type: Lectotype : Finland, Helsingfors [Helsinki], June, in coll. Finnish Museum of Natural History (MZH)

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Nepticula aucupariae Frey, 1857: 376. Type locality: Switzerland, Zürich. Junior subjective synonym.
Nepticula aucupariella Porritt, 1883: 172. Unjustified emendation of Nepticula aucupariae Frey, 1857.

Distribution:

The species inhabits most of Europe, except the Iberian peninsula, the southern Balkans, the large Mediterranean islands, Iceland as well as central and south European Russia (Nieukerken 2013). The vertical distribution is documented from near sea-level up to 1700 m a.s.l. in the Alps (Kurz & Kurz 2020).

Biology:

The species inhabits margins of mixed deciduous forests, beech-spruce forests, clear cuttings rich in tall herb vegetation and bushes and deciduous bushland. In central Europe, two generations per year are observed, with larvae from June till early August and late August till early October (Kurz & Kurz 2020). In northern Europe, the second generation is incomplete (Johansson et al. 1990).

Stages in development:

 
Mine on Sorbus aucuparia aucuparia: Salzburg, Pinzgau, Hinterglemm, Lengau, 2010.08.08 Mine on Sorbus aucuparia aucuparia: Salzburg, city of Salzburg, Sam, moor, 2014.07.24 Salzburg, Flachgau, Thalgau, Fuschlsee, 1988.07.17, leg. Marion & Michael Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

Egg. The egg is laid at the upper side of the leaf.

Larva. The larva is bright green, with brownish head. It feeds in the leaves of Sorbus aucuparia, more rarely also Sorbus aria and Sorbus domestica (Ellis 2020). "The mine is a long, gradually widening corridor that often closely follows the leaf margin for a long distance. Frass at first in a broad central line, but soon it becomes coiled. Occasionally mines occur with linear frass throughout." (Ellis 2020)

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Ellis, W. N. 2001-2020. Plant Parasites of Europe. Leafminers, galls and fungi. URL: http://bladmineerders.nl/ [online 2020.05.28].
Johansson, R., E. S. Nielsen, E. J. van Nieukerken & B. Gustafsson 1990. The Nepticulidae and Opostegidae (Lepidoptera) of North West Europe. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, vol. 23, 2 parts, 739 pp., 1122 [54 col.] figures.
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2020. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. URL: https://www.nkis.info [online 2020.05.28].
Nieukerken, E. J. van 2013. Nepticulidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. URL: https://fauna-eu.org [online 2020.05.28].
Tengström, J. M. J. 1848. Bidrag till Finlands Fjäril-Fauna. Notiser ur Sällskapets pro Fauna et Flora Fennica Förhandlingar 1: 69-164.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2014.09.25
Kurz Michael: 2015.12.02
Kurz Michael: 2017.07.20
Kurz Michael: 2020.05.28
not reviewed

Advertisement: