Nepticula lapponica Wocke, 1860: 251-253.|
Type locality: Norway, Bossekop
Type: Lectotype : Norway, Bossekop, 28.v.60, [Wocke], in coll. Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, Zoological Museum, St Petersburg (ZIAN)
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:|
Nepticula lapponicella Herrich-Schäffer, 1863: 23. Unjustified emendation.
Nepticula lusatica Schütze, 1905: 141. Type locality: Germany, Lausitz, Rachlau. Junior subjective synonym.
Nepticula vossensis Grönlien, 1928: 218. Type locality: Norway. Junior subjective synonym.
The species has been found in the greater part of Europe, except for large areas of the Mediterranean region, in western Siberia and east of Lake Baikal (Nieukerken 2018).
Stages in development:
|Mine on Betula pendula: Salzburg, Flachgau, Thalgau, 1988.07.30, leg. Marion & Michael Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz|
|Picture from: Kurz Michael
Egg. The egg is laid on the underside of a leaf.
Larva. The larva mines the leaves of birch, i.e. Betula pubescens, Betula pendula and Betula nana (Johansson et al. 1990). Following Ellis (2018), the species is said to feed also on Betula humilis and Betula pubescens subsp. carpatica.
Mine. The mine is a long and slender gallery. In the first fourth of its length, it is filled with greenish brown frass, after an abrupt transition, the black frass line is centered in the gallery, leaving clear margins.
Externally, the species is very similar to the variable Stigmella confusella (Wood & Walsingham, 1894) and cannot be distinguished from it with certainty. In the -genitalia, the cornuti of the aedeagus are all of equal size in S. confusella, whereas in S. lapponica cornuti of two different sizes are recognizable. The mines of both species are similar too. In S. lapponica however, the first fourth of the mine is completely filled with greenish brown frass, whereas in S. confusella the frass line is black and delicate from the beginning on, leaving clear margins.
Ellis, W. N. 2001-2018. Plant Parasites of Europe. Leafminers, galls and fungi. URL: http://bladmineerders.nl/ [online 2018.03.16].
Johansson, R., E. S. Nielsen, E. J. van Nieukerken & B. Gustafsson 1990. The Nepticulidae and Opostegidae (Lepidoptera) of North West Europe. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, vol. 23, 2 parts, 739 pp., 1122 [54 col.] figures.
Nieukerken, E. J. van 2018. Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the world. - URL: http://nepticuloidea.info/ [online 2018.03.16].
Wocke, M. F. 1862. Reise nach Finmarken von Dr. Staudinger und Dr. Wocke. II. Microlepidoptera. Entomologische Zeitung 23: 30-78, 233-257.
Kurz Michael: 2015.11.06
Kurz Michael: 2018.03.16