N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Stigmella confusella (Wood & Walsingham, 1894)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Nepticula confusella Wood & Walsingham, 1894: 272.
Type locality: Great Britain, England, Tarrington-Ledbury
Type: Syntypes: Great Britain, England, Tarrington-Ledbury, e.l. Betula, in coll. ?NHM, London

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:


: schematic      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view


The species is found from Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Alps and Bulgaria and from Ireland to Asian Russia (southern Siberia bordering Mongolia and Kasakhstan following Nieukerken 2016).


Adults are on wing in May. There is one generation per year (Nieukerken 2016).

Stages in development:

Mine on Betula pendula: Salzburg, Pongau, Radstadt, way up the Roßbrand, 2011.10.01      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

The larvae mine the leaves of Betula species, including Betula nana, Betula pendula and Betula pubescens. The mine consists of a very long and slender gallery. The frass leaves clear margins along the whole corridor (Nieukerken 2016).


-genitalia: schematic -genitalia: schematic    
Picture from: Kurz Michael (redrawn from Johansson et al. 1990)
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael (redrawn from Johansson et al. 1990)
Detailed view

Worth knowing:


Nieukerken, E. J. van 2016. Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the world. - URL: http://nepticuloidea.info/ [online 2016.04.12].
Wood, J. H. & [T.d.G. Lord Walsingham] 1894. Nepticula confusella, a new birch-mining species. The Entomologist´s Monthly Magazine. Second Series 5 (= 30): 272-273.

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2015.08.20
Kurz Michael: 2016.04.18
Kurz Michael: 2017.06.07
Kurz Michael: 2019.06.23
not reviewed