N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Simplimorpha promissa (Staudinger, 1871)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Nepticula promissa Staudinger, 1871: 325
Type locality: France, Ardèche, Celles-les-Bains
Type: Syntypes : France, Ardèche, Celles-les-Bains, 14.ix-10.x.1866, e.l. Cotinus coggygria, Staudinger, in coll. MHUB (Nieukerken 2014).

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

     
, schematic      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: Examined: Photos of the imagines. Wingspan: 4.0-4.5 mm (Lastuvka & Lastuvka 1997). Face with distant whitish to yellowish, hair-like scales, vertex dark brown to blackish; collar dirty white; scape white; antennae appr. 1/2 of forewing length, grey, shining; tegulae black with white borders; thorax black-brown with single white scales; forewings black, with scattered white scales at basis; at more than 1/4 and nearly 3/4 of forewing length a broad irregular and ill-defined white cross fascia each with interspersed black scales; fringe dirty white; hindwings grey, fringe alike; abdomen dark grey.

Distribution:

N. promissa inhabits the Mediterranean area, the southern part of central Europe and south-eastern Europe, reaching Ukraine, Turkey and Cyprus (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2011, Nieukerken 2014). Verticall, the species has been found at least from sea-level to 400 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2014).

Biology:

The species inhabits primarily mediterranean Macchia, where the foodplants of the larva grow.

Stages in development:

Mine on Pistacia terebinthus: Liguria, Cinque Terre, from Riomaggiore to Vernazza, 2007.10.13 Croatia, Istria, between Labin and Rabac, 2010.09.05 Mine on Cotinus coggygria: Croatia, Istria, between Labin and Rabac, 2010.08.05 Croatia, Istria, between Labin and Rabac, 2010.09.05
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

The larva is green. Mines have been found on Cotinus coggygria and Pistacia terebinthus (Anacardiaceae, Kurz & Kurz 2014). Nieukerken (2014) gives the follwoing additional foodplants: Pistacia lentiscus, Pistacia atlantica, Pistacia khinjuk, Pistacia vera and Rhus coriaria. The mine is a gallery, quite variable in form, often tightly twisted with the frass in a central line, occupying almost the whole mine width.

Anatomy:

   
genitalia (drawn after Lastuvka & Lastuvka 1997) genitalia (drawn after Lastuvka & Lastuvka 1997)    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Diagnosis:

S. promissa shows some overall similarity to the species of Ectoedemia (Etainia), although in the latter, the two white fasciae on the forewing are better developed. The mine is nearly indistinguishable from that of Acalyptris minimella (Rebel, 1924) or Acalyptris pistaciae Nieukerken, 2007, when feeding on Pistacia sp., but on other hosts, it is unmistakeable.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2011. Nepticulidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.4, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 2014.02.10].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2014. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 2014.02.10].
Lastuvka A. & Z. Lastuvka 1997. Nepticulidae Mitteleuropas. Ein illustrierter Begleiter (Lepidoptera). Konvoj, Brno, 230 pp.
Nieukerken, E. J. van 2014: Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the world. - URL: http://nepticuloidea.info/ [online 2014.02.10].
Staudinger, O. 1870–1871. Beschreibung neuer Lepidopteren des europäischen Faunengebiets. – Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 14: 97-132, 193–208 (1870); 273–330 (1871).

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2014.02.10
Kurz Michael: 2014.02.11
Kurz Michael: 2014.02.17
Kurz Michael: 2016.04.09
Kurz Michael: 2016.04.19
Kurz Michael: 2016.04.20
Kurz Michael: 2017.07.27
not reviewed

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