N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Micropterix kardamylensis Rebel, 1903

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Micropteryx kardamylensis Rebel, 1903: 248-249
Type locality: Greece, Peloponnesos, Kardamyli [south of Kalamata]
Type: Holotype : "kard.; V.02"; "kardamylensis M."; "Type [in red characters] Rbl."; in coll. NHMW

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Micropterix tunbergella sensu Heath, 1965 nec Fabricius, 1794. Missidentification

Habit:

 
: Greece, Peloponnesos, near Kalamata, 2005.05.02, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller : Greece, Peloponnesos, near Kalamata, 2005.05.02, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller : Greece, Peloponnesos, Taygetos, Langada ravine, 1999.05.26, leg. Puchmayr & Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

Scheme of wing pattern:

Description of adults: Examined: 14 , 15 [incl. type series]. Forewing length: 2.75 - 3.25 mm, 3.3 - 4.5 mm. Head black-brown; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head dirty whitish to rusty yellow; antennae brownish to dark brown, golden shining, with a purple tinge, 4/5 (), respectively, about 3/5 () of forewing length; thorax golden, tegulae purple; forewings light golden to golden with reddish to purple-violet markings: Base of wing, except a small golden costal spot, reddish to purple-violet; a more or less broad fascia at 1/3 across the whole wing width, sometimes constricted at costa and inner margin; a broad fascia at 2/3 across the whole wing width, somewhat narrower from the middle to the inner margin; a rounded, heart-like to quadrangulate spot at the costal margin close to the apex; in males, apical area and outer margin darker golden than the rest of the wing; outermost tip of the wing and basis of fringe sometimes reddish; fringe reddish golden to bronzy golden, whitish outwards; hindwings bronzy golden, especially apically tinged purple; fringe bronzy golden to coppery, lighter outwards; legs and abdomen brown, golden shining.

Distribution:

Confirmed records are known so far only from the southern Peloponnesos in Greece (Kurz & Kurz 2011). All other records from Bosnia-Hercegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria and mainland Greece (Heath 1965b, Karsholt 2004) are very doubtful. All specimens from these countries so far investigated, have turned out to belong to Micropterix tunbergella (Fabricius, 1787), which is already obvious from the clearly different wing pattern. Most of these specimens are females, but one male from Macedonia ("Treska-Schlucht") has been confirmed to belong to M. tunbergella also by genitalia investigation. The vertical distribution of M. kardamylensis reaches from near sea level up to at least 1100 m (Kurz & Kurz 2011).

Biology:

The animals have been found swarming around bushes in open, evergreen shrubland with single, larger trees. In the afternoon, single females were on the wing on shady, eastwardly directed, rocky slopes with single bushes along the street through the Langada ravine. So far, the species has been found on the wing in late April and May (Kurz & Kurz 2011).

Stages in development:

The early stages are unknown.

Anatomy:

-genitalia, prep.-no. 883, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, near Kalamata, 2005.05.02, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller -genitalia, preparation in caustic potash, prep.-no. 941, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, between Kalamata and Kambos, 2005.05.03, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller -genitalia, prep.-no. 941, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, between Kalamata and Kambos, 2005.05.03, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller -genitalia, receptaculum seminis in higher magnification, prep.-no. 941, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, between Kalamata and Kambos, 2005.05.03, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Genitalia. Uncus short, knob-like; tegumen elongated, bow-like bent distalwards, on the posterior margin of the tegumen, ventrally of the onset of the uncus a short row of about 10 - 12 setae; inside the tegumen, projecting distalwards, a bilobed, comb-like structure with ventrally directed, 10 - 12 relatively long teeth; accessory claspers triangle-shaped, broad at their basis; at the distalmost tip of the accessory claspers, a group of about 9 modified, short, stout and thickened setae, followed by a row of about 9 stout and thickened setae of about twice the length along the ventral margin and a similar row of about 6 short, modified, stout and thickened setae slightly dorsal of the first; basally of the ventral row of setae, close to the onset of the accessory claspers, a small projection bearing two short, straight, stout and thickened stetae, as well as a prominent seta, having the shape of a propeller blade; the small projection is followed proximally by a prominent, spatulate lobe; valves long and slender, slightly constricted medially and slightly bent upwards; postbasally a small group of setae; the distal half with 1 - 2 rows of short, spinoid setae, as well as a row of long, fine setae.

Genitalia. Tergite IX missing; sternite IX much reduced, with distinct, but irregular lateral margins, not diagnostic; papillae anales (segment X) with band-like sclerotization; receptaculum seminis short, but slender, distinctly striated over its whole length.

Diagnosis:

M. kardamylensis : Greece, Peloponnesos, near Kalamata, 2005.05.02, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller M. klimeschi rhodiensis : Greece, Aegean islands, Rhodos, Faliraki, 1983.04.15, leg. Klimesch, coll. Zoologische Sammlung des Bayrischen Staates, Munich M. lakoniensis : Greece, Peloponnesos, near Monemvasia, 2005.05.06, leg. et coll. Christof Zeller M. sp. (Crete) PARATYPE: Greece, Crete, Neapolis, 1984.05.01, leg. Klimesch, coll. Zoologische Sammlung des Bayrischen Staates, Munich
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
M. kardamylensis : Greece, Peloponnesos, Taygetos, Langada ravine, 1999.05.26, leg. Puchmayr & Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz M. tunbergella : Macedonia, near Skopje, beginning of the Treska canyon, 1969.04.15, leg. F.Kasy, coll. NHMW, Vienna M. kardamylensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 883, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, near Kalamata, 2005.05.02, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller M. klimeschi rhodiensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 504, M. Kurz, PARATYPE: Greece, Aegean islands, Rhodos, Faliraki, 1983.04.15, leg. J.Klimesch, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
M. lakoniensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 884, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, near Monemvasia, 2005.05.06, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller M. sp. (Crete) -genitalia, prep.-no. 885, M. Kurz, PARATYPE: Greece, Crete, Neapolis, 1984.04.25, leg. J. Klimesch, coll. Zoologische Sammlung des Bayrischen Staates, Munich M. tunbergella -genitalia, prep.-no. 786, M. Kurz: Macedonia, near Skopje, beginning of the Treska canyon, 1969.04.15, leg. Kasy, coll. Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna M. kardamylensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 941, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, between Kalamata and Kambos, 2005.05.03, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Christof Zeller
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
M. klimeschi rhodiensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 516, M. Kurz, PARATYPE: Greece, Aegean islands, Rhodos, city of Rhodos, Mount Smith, 1987.05.13, leg. J.Klimesch, coll. Michael Kurz M. lakoniensis -genitalia, prep.-no. 942, M. Kurz: Greece, Peloponnesos, near Monemvasia, 2005.05.06, leg. Zeller & Embacher, coll. Michael Kurz M. sp. (Crete) -genitalia, prep.-no. 943, M. Kurz: Greece, Crete, Neapolis, 1984.05.03, leg. J. Klimesch, coll. Zoologische Sammlung des Bayrischen Staates, Munich M. tunbergella -genitalia, prep.-no. 772, M. Kurz: Greece, Thessalia, Olymp, near Lithochoro, on the way to Prionia, 2002.05.02, leg. Christof Zeller, coll. Christof Zeller
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Externally, M. kardamylensis is very similar to Micropterix klimeschi rhodiensis Kurz, Kurz & Zeller, 1993. Having nearly the same wing pattern, the golden fasciae are broader in M. kardamylensis, thus becoming the golden ground colour, whereas in M. klimeschi rhodiensis, the purple elements are still broader than the golden fasciae. A species with similar golden ground colour is Micropterix tunbergella (Fabricius, 1787), but it is distinguished clearly by its wing pattern: A small golden costal spot at 2/3, present in M. tunbergella, is missing in M. kardamylensis. The distal purple fascia and the spot close to the apex are not connected in M. kardamylensis.
In the male genitalia, all three species are clearly distinct from each other and do not show closer affinities. Yet, the structure of the male genitalia implicates a close relationship to Micropterix lakoniensis Heath, 1985 and Micropterix sp. from Crete, respectively. Whereas the latter is distinguished by the small size of the whole apparatus and the more distinctly modified setae (Y- to T-shaped) on the accessory claspers, the former differs primarily by the row of setae on the valves, which reaches basalwards to the middle in M. kardamylensis, but reaches basalwards 2/3 of the length in M. lakoniensis. Another distinguishing feature is the shape of the accessory claspers, which is triangle-shaped in M. kardamylensis, but distinctly more elongated in M. lakoniensis.

Phylogeny: The membraneous lobes in the male genitalia close to the basis of the accessory claspers, between accessory claspers and valves, are tentatively assumed to be an apomorphy of the group discussed above, which is shared with two other groups of the genus. These groups consist of Micropterix eatoniella Heath, 1986, Micropterix sicanella Zeller, 1847 and Micropterix aureofasciella Heath, 1986 on the one hand, where this lobe is developed very prominently and Micropterix berytella de Joannis, 1886, Micropterix cypriensis Heath, 1985 and Micropterix elegans Stainton, 1867 on the other hand, where the lobe may carry additional, spinoid setae.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Heath, J. 1965b. Ergebnisse der Albanien-Expedition 1961 des Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes, 33. Beitrag, Lepidoptera: Micropterigidae. – Beiträge zur Entomologie 15: 641–647.
Karsholt, O. 2004. Families Acanthopteroctetidae, Axiidae, Castniidae, Cossidae, Drepanidae, Eriocottidae, Eriocraniidae, Gelechiidae, Heterogynidae, Limacodidae, Lypusidae, Micropterigidae, Roeslerstammiidae, Somabrachyidae, Uraniidae. In: Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 9 March 2009].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2011. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 16 March 2011].
Rebel, H. 1903. Lepidopteren aus Morea. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 48: 243-249.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.03.09
Kurz Michael: 2009.04.28
Kurz Michael: 2009.04.29
Zeller Christof: 2009.09.08
Kurz Michael: 2010.09.10
Kurz Michael: 2010.12.22
Kurz Michael: 2011.01.09
Kurz Michael: 2011.03.16
Kurz Michael: 2011.11.17
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2011.11.17
Document released by:
Kurz Michael: 2011.11.17

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