N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Phylloporia bistrigella (Haworth, 1828)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea bistrigella Haworth 1828: 573.
Type locality: Great Britain, near London
Type: not designated. Type deposition unknown

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Adela abalienella Zetterstedt, 1839: 1008. Junior subjective synonym.
Micropteryx subammanella Stainton, 1849: 9. Junior subjective synonym.
Tinea dilorella Herrich-Schäffer, 1851: pl 39, fig 266. Junior subjective synonym.
Incurvaria labradorella Clemens, 1863: 416. Junior subjective synonym.
Incurvaria labradoriella Walsingham, 1888. Misspelling.
Incurvaria aureovireus Dietz, 1905. Junior subjective synonym.
Phylloporia aureovirens Barnes & McDunnough, 1917. Misspelling.

Habit:

     
: without data      
Picture from: Svenska fjärilar: © Gustafsson Bert
Detailed view
     

Description of adults (Heath & Pelham-Clinton 1984): Forewing lenght: appr. 3.5-4.5 mm. "Head white, vertex fuscous; antennae fuscous; frons white; maxillary palpi fuscous; labial palpi whitish, rather short. Forewing pale brassy fuscous, scales slightly tipped with purplish towards apex; white fascia at about a third and two-thirds from base, the outer sometimes interrupted; sometimes a white dot just distad of middle of outer fascia; cilia whitish at apex, shading to fuscous at tornus. Hindwing pale greyish fuscous."

Distribution:

P. bistrigella has been recorded from western, central and northern Europe, whereas from southern and southeastern European countries no findings are known since recently (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). Furthermore, the species has been found in North America (Hodges et al. 1983), in the Amur and Primorye regions (Dubatolov 2009) as well as the Khabarovsk district (Dubatolov 2007) in eastern Russia and in Japan (anonymous 2009a).

Biology:

   
Great Britain, Staffordshire, Chartley Moss, 2013.06.05 Russia, Moscow Oblast, Odintsovsky District, near village Pestovo, 2019.06.22    
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Patrick Clement (CC-BY-2.0)
Detailed view
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Ilia Ustyantsev (CC-BY-SA-2.0)
Detailed view
   

The species is usually local among birch scrubs, where the imagines fly around small birches. It is univoltine, with imagines from May to July and larvae in July and August (Heath & Pelham-Clinton 1984).

Stages in development:

 
Larva Mine Larva in mine: Great Britain, North Wales, Trawscoed, July 2008  
Picture from: Stainton 1873
Detailed view
Picture from: Stainton 1873
Detailed view
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Janet Graham (CC-BY-2.0)
Detailed view
 

Description of early stages following Heath & Pelham-Clinton (1984) and Ellis (2020):

Egg. Eggs are usually laid singly near the tip of a leaf.

Larva. The larva is apodal, tapered posteriorly, pale yellow with a brown head. The gut is visible as a green line. Larvae mine the leaves of birch (Betula pendula, Betula pubescens, Betula nana and Betula humilis are recorded by Ellis 2020). Fullfed, it cuts out an oval piece of leaf, constructs a flat case from it and drops to the ground, where it pupates.

Mine. The mine is at first a long narrow corridor, traversing the leaf and eventually cutting off parts of the leaf, which die as a consequence. Ubruptly, the corridor widens into a large, elongate, irregular blotch. The oval excision is made at the end of the blotch, about 4 mm in length.

Pupa. The pupa hibernates in the ground.

Anatomy:

   
-genitalia: without data Tip of ovipositor    
Picture from: Svenska fjärilar: © Gustafsson Bert
Detailed view
Picture from: © Wojtusiak 1976
Detailed view
   

genitalia. Tegumen small, sinuately tapering to short uncus; uncus with two small lateral tips; tegumen broad with very long saccus, broadly rounded apically; transtilla with two long, medial projections; valves trapezoid, with small spine at distal end and long row of stout pegs on ventral margin.

genitalia. Posterior part of ovipositor slender, tip rounded, delicately serrate; apophyses posteriores and anteriores both relatively long, with blunt ends; ductus bursae long, slender, with chitinized, delicately dentate ring in first part; bursa coplulatrix globular, without signa.

Diagnosis:

   
P. bistrigella : without data L. flavimitrella : Toscana, Firenze, Marradi, Badia Valle, 430 m, 2001.05.26, leg. Usvelli A., coll. Museo Friulano    
Picture from: Svenska fjärilar: © Gustafsson Bert
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

P. bistrigella can readily be distinguished from most other Incurvarioid species by two white cross fasciae and, rarely, a white spot in the discal region of the forewing. The female of Lampronia flavimitrella (Hübner,[1817]), which has also two transverse white fasciae, is much larger.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

anonymous 2009a. An Identification Guide of Japanese Moths Compiled by Everyone. URL: http://www.jpmoth.org [online 15 September, 2009].
Dubatolov, V. V. 2007. [To the knowledge of small moths (Microlepidoptera) of the Bolshekhekhtsirskii Nature Reserve (Khabarovsk District). 1st report. Eriocraniidae, Adelidae, Incurvariidae, Prodoxidae, Nepticulidae, Opostegidae, Tineidae]. Animal World of the Far East (Blagoveshchensk), 6: 43-46. (In Russian).
Dubatolov, V. V. 2009. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Incurvariidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Incurvar.htm [online 15 September 2009].
Ellis, W. N. 2001-2020. Plant Parasites of Europe. Leafminers, galls and fungi. URL: http://bladmineerders.nl/ [online 2020.05.04].
Haworth, A. H. 1828. Lepidoptera Britannica, sistens digestionem novam insectorum lepidopterorum quae in Magna Britannia reperiuntur, lavarum pabulo, temporeque pascendi; expansione alarum; mensibusque volandi; synonymis atque locis observationibusque variis. Part 4. Londini, pp. 513–609.
Heath, J. & E. C. Pelham-Clinton 1983. Incurvariidae. In J. Heath (ed.): The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 1, Harley Books.
Herrich-Schäffer, G. A. W. 1847–1855. Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu Jakob Hübner’s Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. 5. Die Schaben und Federmotten: [1]–2–394 + [1]–2–52, 124 + 7 + 1 pl. Regensburg.
Hodges, R. W. et al. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E. W. Classey, London, UK. Updated by Jean-François Landry, Don Lafontaine and Jim Troubridge [available on http://www.lepbarcoding.org/cl_nth_am.php]
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Incurvariidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 7 March 2008].
Stainton, H. T. 1849. Catalogue of British Tineidae and Pterophoridae. London.
Stainton, H. T. 1873. The natural history of the Tineina 13: I-VIII, 1-377, pl. I-VIII. London (John van Voorst), Paris (Deyrolle), Berlin (E. S. Mittler und Sohn).
Wojtusiak J. 1976. Klucze do Oznaczania Owadów Polski. Motyle - Lepidoptera. Heliozelidae, Incurvariidae. Polskie Towarzystwo Entomologiczne XXVII (7-8). Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa: 60 pp.
Zetterstedt, J. W. 1839. Insecta lapponica. Lipsiae.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.09.30
Kurz Michael: 2015.07.08
Kurz Michael: 2020.05.04
not reviewed

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