N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Incurvaria Haworth, 1828

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Incurvaria Haworth, 1828: 559
Type: Tinea masculella Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775: 143

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Excurvaria Kuprijanov 1994: 392

Distribution:

Species of Incurvaria have been recorded throughout the Holarctic region (Nielsen 1982, Hodges et al. 1983, Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004, Dubatolov 2007, Dubatolov 2009, anonymous 2009), although the number of recognized species in general is small.

Diagnosis:

Morphologically, Incurvaria is somewhat heterogenous. Some of its members have males with pectinate antennae, others have not. Most species lack an epiphysis, whereas Incurvaria evocata (Meyrick, 1924), which has been transferred from Chalceopla Braun, 1921 (= Cauchas Zeller, 1839) to Incurvaria by Nielsen (1982b), has an epihysis on the foretibia. Another morphoplogically somewhat isolated member of the genus is Incurvaria praelatella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775), for which the monotypic genus Excurvaria has been erected by Kuprijanov (1994). Nevertheless, we prefer not to split Incurvaria into smaller units, unless a thorough revision of all its members has been performed. In this way we follow Karsholt & Nieukerken (2004).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

anonymous 2009. An Identification Guide of Japanese Moths Compiled by Everyone. URL: http://www.jpmoth.org [visited on September 10, 2009].
[Denis, M. & I. Schiffermüller] 1775. Ankündigung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend.
Dubatolov, V. V. 2007. [To the knowledge of small moths (Microlepidoptera) of the Bolshekhekhtsirskii Nature Reserve (Khabarovsk District). 1st report. Eriocraniidae, Adelidae, Incurvariidae, Prodoxidae, Nepticulidae, Opostegidae, Tineidae]. - Animal World of the Far East (Blagoveshchensk), No 6, p. 43-46. (In Russian).
Dubatolov, V. V. 2009. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Incurvariidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Hepial.htm [online 4 August 2009].
Haworth, A. H. 1828. Lepidoptera Britannica, sistens digestionem novam insectorum lepidopterorum quae in Magna Britannia reperiuntur, lavarum pabulo, temporeque pascendi; expansione alarum; mensibusque volandi; synonymis atque locis observationibusque variis. Part 4. Londini, pp. 513–609.
Hodges, R. W. et al. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E. W. Classey, London, UK. Updated by Jean-François Landry, Don Lafontaine and Jim Troubridge [available on http://www.lepbarcoding.org/cl_nth_am.php]
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Incurvariidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 22 April 2008].
Kuprijanov, A. V. 1994. Towards a natural system of the Incurvarioidea. Part 3. Excurvaria gen. nov. for Incurvaria praelatella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775) (Lepidoptera, Incurvariidae). Atalanta 25 (1-2): 391 - 398.
Nielsen, E. S. 1982b. Incurvariidae and Prodoxidae from the Himalayan area (Lepidoptera: Incurvarioidea). Insecta Matsumurana, new series 26: 187 - 200.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.09.14
not reviewed

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