N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Lampronia capitella (Clerck, 1759)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena capitella Clerck, 1759: pl. 11, fig. 1.
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

   
: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, 1973.05.05, leg. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum : Bavaria, Oberfranken, Roth-Hof, Hölle, 1955.06.04, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 1 . Forewing length: 7.3 mm, 6.3 mm. Head dark brown; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head yellow to dirty yellow, distant; face without scales; eyes semiglobular, in cross-section slightly oval, black-brown, about 0.35 mm in diameter; distance of eyes (frontally) about 1.3 times the diameter of an eye; maxillary palpi well developed, smoothly scaled ochreous grey; labial palpi slightly diverging, slightly directed downwards ahead, about 0.6 mm long, smoothly scaled, basally brownish-grey, at the tip light ochreous; the distal segment encircled basally by distant setae; antennae about 1/2, brown, especially in the male densely ciliated in white; the maximum length of the ciliae nearly equals the diameter of the antenna; antennae in the male basally also with some yellowish scales; thorax and tegulae dark umber brown; forewings dark brown, intensively bronzy golden shining, with well delimited, shining yellowish-white markings: At nearly 1/3 a broad, somewhat distally of the middle slightly constricted fascia at the inner margin, reaching nearly across the whole wing width, constricted towards the costa and not reaching the costa; at 2/3 a big, elongate, triangular spot at the inner margin; opposite to it, only slightly dislocated towards the apex a similar spot at the costa; both spots reaching across nearly half of the wing width, sometimes even meeting at their tips; fringe consisting of two rows of scales, the proximal one dark brown, bronzy golden shining, the distal one yellowish-white shining at the apex and along the outer margin, more brownish towards the tornus; hindwings with broad scales, completely covering the wing membrane, greyish brown with coppery gloss; fringe equal to the ground colour, coppery shining, lighter distally; underside brown, intensively coppery shining, the markings of the upperside only indistinctly adumbrated; fringe like on the upperside; legs brown, intensively coppery shining, tarsi ligther, ochreous, partly also ringed with ligth and dark; foretibia with an epiphysis; midtibia with a pair of spurs at the distal end; hindtibia thickened, with a weak tuft of hair-like scales and a pair of spurs each at about 0.6 of the tibial length and at the distal end; abdomen smoothly scaled, umber brown, coppery shining.

Distribution:

The species is distributed throughout the holarctic region. It occurs in North America (Hodges et al. 1983) and has been recorded from France and Great Britain throughout most of central Europe to Scandinavia and the Baltic states, but also from Romania and the eastern part of European Russia (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). In Siberia, it is known from the Ural, the western Siberian mountains and the Amur and Primorye regions (Dubatolov 2009).

Stages in development:

Larva. The larva is dirty whitish, head and prothoracic plate are dark brown. It lives in the shoots of Ribes-species, including cultivars, untill May (Meeß 1910).

Anatomy:

-genitalia, prep.-no. 871, M. Kurz: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, leg. F. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck -genitalia, aedeagus in higher magnification, prep.-no. 871, M. Kurz: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, leg. F. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck -genitalia, tip of aedeagus in higher magnification, prep.-no. 871, M. Kurz: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, leg. F. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck -genitalia, valve in higher magnification, prep.-no. 871, M. Kurz: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, leg. F. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
-genitalia, uncus in higher magnification, prep.-no. 871, M. Kurz: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, leg. F. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck -genitalia, postabdomen, prep.-no.874, M. Kurz: Bavaria, Oberfranken, Roth-Hof, Hölle, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck -genitalia, bursa copulatrix, prep.-no.874, M. Kurz: Bavaria, Oberfranken, Roth-Hof, Hölle, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck -genitalia, bursa copulatrix in higher magnification, prep.-no.874, M. Kurz: Bavaria, Oberfranken, Roth-Hof, Hölle, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   
-genitalia, tip of ovipositor in higher magnification, prep.-no.874, M. Kurz: Bavaria, Oberfranken, Roth-Hof, Hölle, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck foretibia with epiphysis, prep.-no. 937, M. Kurz: Northern Bavaria, Höllental, 650 m, leg. F. Zürnbauer, coll. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Diagnosis:

L. capitella is quite similar to Incurvaria praelatella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775), but normally distinctly larger. The proximal white fascia is broader and straighter in L. capitella, the distal white spots on costa and inner margin are nearly opposite to each other, their tips often nearly meeting in the center of the wing. In I. praelatella, the costal spot is distinctly dislocated towards the apex, the spots are smaller, their tips clearly separated from each other. Furthermore, L. capitella bears an epiphysis on the foretibia, which is missing in I. praelatella.
The differences in the male genitalia are pronounced too, in the female genitalia, L. capitella has two star-like signa in the bursa copulatrix, which are missing in I. praelatella.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Clerck, C. A. 1759. Icones insectorum rariorum cum nomibus eorum trivialibus, locique e C. Linnaei. - pp. [1-10], Tab. 1-16. Holmiae.
Dubatolov, V. V. 2009. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Incurvariidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Incurvar.htm [online 15 September 2009].
Hodges, R. W. et al. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E. W. Classey, London, UK. Updated by Jean-François Landry, Don Lafontaine and Jim Troubridge [available on http://www.lepbarcoding.org/cl_nth_am.php]
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Prodoxidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 26 May 2008].
Meeß, A. 1910. Tineides aculeatae. - in A. Spuler: Die Schmetterlinge Europas, Kleinschmetterlinge; unveränderter Nachdruck der S. 188-523 und der Tafeln 81-91, Verlag E.Bauer, Keltern, 1983.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2007.01.29
Kurz Michael: 2009.10.09
Kurz Michael: 2010.01.09
Kurz Michael: 2010.06.28
Kurz Michael: 2012.11.26
Kurz Michael: 2018.09.19
not reviewed

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