N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Lampronia luzella (Hübner, [1817])

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea luzella Hübner, [1817]: pl. 64 fig. 430
Type locality: None given
Type: Not designated

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

   
: Salzburg, Kitzbühler Alpen, upper Saalach valley, near Saalbach, Hinterglemm, 1968.06.19, leg. Mairhuber Fritz, coll. Michael Kurz : Salzburg, Lungau, Hintermuhr, Rotgüldenseehütte, 2009.07.26, leg. M.A. & M.E. Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 1 . Forewing length: 6.2 mm, 5.0 mm. Head brown; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head umber brown, vertex and face smoothly scaled; posteriorly of the eyes a long, brush-like, umber brown tuft of scales on each side, embracing the neck; eyes 0.25 - 0.3 mm in diameter; distance of eyes nearly twice the diameter (frontally); labial palpi straight, directed ahead, more than 2.5 times as long as the diameter of an eye, smoothly scaled, light brown; antennae nearly 1/2 , respectively, 2/5 () of forewing length, simple, dark brown, with fine ciliae; basal segments of antennae whitish shining; thorax and tegulae umber brown; forewings umber brown, partly shining bronzy golden, partly purple to blueish violet; markings yellowish white: At 1/4 a narrow fascia across the whole wing width, slightly oblique and expanded from costa to inner margin, near the costa constricted or even interrupted, anteriorly of the constriction kinked in basal direction; at 3/5 a roundish to triangular, costal spot across 1/5 of the wing width; opposite to it at the inner margin a broad, triangular spot, reaching across half of the wing width; at 4/5 a small costal spot, sometimes fused along the costa with the spot at 3/5; fringe concolorous with the forewing, umber brown, bronzy golden shining; hindwings greyish brown, with broad scales, completely covering the wing membrane, bronzy golden shining; the costal margin with an indistinct, basally broad, distanly narrowing, white streak reaching to 4/5; fringe umber brown, bronzy golden shining; underside of forewings umber brown, light coppery shining, markings of upperside only weakly recognizable; underside of hindwings similar to the upperside, but light coppery shining and without white, costal streak; legs light brown, light coppery shining; foretibia with an epiphysis; midtibia with a pair of spurs at the distal end; hindtibia with a pair of spurs each at about 0.55 of the tibial length and at the distal end.

Distribution:

From Italy, France and the British Isles, the species is distributed throughout central Europe to Fennoscandia, the Baltic states and the northern part of European Russia (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). Furthermore, confirmed records are available also from Romania (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004) and from the southern Siberian mountains (Dubatolov 2009). Only few data are availble about vertical distribution, which cover a range of at least 400 - 1700 m a.s.l. (Kurz et al. 2009).

Biology:

     
Salzburg, Lungau, Hintermuhr, Rotgüldenseehütte, 2009.07.26      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Ecologically, L. luzella seems to have a wide amplitude: It has been found in the mountain range as well as in gardens, evidently associated with Ribes-species, cultivars included (Kurz et al. 2009). Depending on the altidue, the imagines are on the wing from June till the beginning of August (Kurz et al. 2009).

Anatomy:

-genitalia, prep.-no. 507, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Kitzbühler Alpen, upper Saalach valley, near Saalbach, Hinterglemm, 1968.06.19, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia in higher magnification, prep.-no. 507, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Kitzbühler Alpen, upper Saalach valley, near Saalbach, Hinterglemm, 1968.06.19, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, aedeagus, prep.-no. 507, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Kitzbühler Alpen, upper Saalach valley, near Saalbach, Hinterglemm, 1968.06.19, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, prep.-no. 536, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Flachgau, Thalgau, 1987.06.28, leg. et coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   
-genitalia, tip of ovipositor, prep.-no. 536, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Flachgau, Thalgau, 1987.06.28, leg. et coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, bursa copulatrix, prep.-no. 536, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Flachgau, Thalgau, 1987.06.28, leg. et coll. Michael Kurz    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Diagnosis:

L. luzella is often quite similar to Incurvaria praelatella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775), but can readily be distinguished by its unicolorous fringe on the forewings, which is conspiciously white distally in I. praelatella. In the male and female genitalia, the differences are prounouced too.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Dubatolov, V. V. 2009. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Incurvariidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Incurvar.htm [online 15 September 2009].
Hübner, J. 1796–1836 ["1796"] a. Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. Horde 8. Tineae-Schaben: [1]–[12]+13–70+[71]–[78], pls 2–71. Augsburg. Continued by C. Geyer.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Prodoxidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 26 May 2008].
Kurz, M. A., M. E. Kurz & H. C. Zeller-Lukashort 2000–2009. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 12 October 2009].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.10.13
Kurz Michael: 2010.01.09
Kurz Michael: 2018.09.19
Kurz Michael: 2018.09.23
Kurz Michael: 2018.10.01
not reviewed

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