N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Lampronia rupella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea rupella [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775: 320.
Type locality: Austria, near Vienna
Type: destroyed in the Hofburg fire in 1848 (anonymous 2009b)

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

     
: Salzburg, Alpenvorland, Bürmoos, 1987.06.06, leg. Heimo Nelwek, coll. Michael Kurz      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 2 . Forewing length: 7.1 mm, 6.8 - 8.0 mm. Head dark brown; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head and face dirty beige to rusty yellow; eyes 0.3 - 0.35 mm in diameter; distance of eyes (frontally) about twice the diameter of an eye; labial palpi straight, directed ahead, about 2.5 times as long as the diameter of an eye, roughly scaled, ochreous brown; antennae slightly more than 1/2 of forewing length, dark brown, with fine ciliae, near the basis white, distally each antennal segment with a white fan of scales; thorax and tegulae dark brown; forewings dark brown, bronzy golden to coppery shining, with four more or less big, shining yellowish-white spots: The smallest of them semicircular at 1/2 at the costa, reaching across 1/6 - 1/4 of the wing width; at 4/5 a broad costal spot, slightly oblique towards the basis, of oval shape, reaching across 3/4 of the wing width, sometimes reduced; at the inner margin, basally of the tornus, a broad, triangular spot, its tip reaching across more than 1/2 of the wing width; at the inner margin at about 1/4 the biggest of all spots, broad, fascia-like, reaching from the inner margin almost to the costa; fringe consisting of two rows of scales, the proximal row brown, bronzy golden shining, the distal row white; hindwings with broad scales, completely covering the wing membrane, greyish-brown, medially purple, distally light coppery shining; fringe brown, light coppery shining; underside of forewings brown, with light coppery shimmer, spots of the upperside only weakly adumbrated; underside of hindwings similar to the upperside; legs brown, coppery shining; foretibia with a small epiphysis (?), midtibia with a pair of spurs at the distal end; hindtibia with a long tuft of hair-like scales and a pair of spurs each slightly distally of the middle and at the distal end; abdomen greyish-brown, coppery shining.

Distribution:

L. rupella is known from Europe only, where it occurs in most countries in central, northern and north-eastern Europe. Furthermore, it has been recorded from Italy and most Balkan countries (Karsholt & Nieukerken, 2004).

Biology:

Only few data are available on the biology of the species, which has been found in mountain regions at the edges of wood and shrubbery, but also associated with high moor in lowlands. Imagines have been found at the end of June and in July (Kurz et al. 2009).

Stages in development:

Larva. The larva is said to feed on species of Adenostyles (Meeß 1910).

Anatomy:

 
-genitalia, prep.-no. 513, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Hohe Tauern, Kaprun valley, Lärchwand, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia in higher magnifiaction, prep.-no. 513, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Hohe Tauern, Kaprun valley, Lärchwand, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz -genitalia, aedeagus, prep.-no. 513, M. Kurz: Salzburg, Hohe Tauern, Kaprun valley, Lärchwand, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

Diagnosis:

The species is well characterized by its big white spots, which make L. rupella unmistakeable.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

anonymous 2009b. Das Naturhistorische Museum Wien. Forschung. 2. Zoologische Abteilung (Entomologie). Geschichte. URL: http://http://www.nhm-wien.ac.at/Content.Node/forschung/2zoo/geschichte.html [onlinen 15 September 2009].
Denis, M. & I. Schiffermüller 1775. Ankündigung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend, herausgegeben von einigen Lehrern am K.K. Theresianum. Augustin Bernardi, Wien. 322 pp.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Prodoxidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 29 April 2009].
Kurz, M. A., M. E. Kurz & H. C. Zeller-Lukashort 2000–2009. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 8 October 2009].
Meeß, A. 1910. Tineides aculeatae. - in A. Spuler: Die Schmetterlinge Europas, Kleinschmetterlinge; unveränderter Nachdruck der S. 188-523 und der Tafeln 81-91, Verlag E.Bauer, Keltern, 1983.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.10.09
Kurz Michael: 2010.06.28
Kurz Michael: 2018.09.19
Kurz Michael: 2018.09.23
not reviewed

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