Type: Incurvaria Haworth, 1828|
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:|
Including the Prodoxinae, the Incurvariidae s.l. have been recorded from all continents except the Antarctic (Hodges et al. 1983, Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004, Nielsen et al. 1996, Nielsen & Davis 1981, Scoble 1980). Most described species inhabit the temperate zones of the Holarctic region.
From the Heliozelidae, the Incurvariidae s.l. are mainly distinguished by the wing venation, which is significantly reduced in the former family. The Prodoxinae, which are treated by many authors as a separate family within the Incurvarioidea are distinguished from the Incurvariinae s.str. by the presence of an epiphysis (in Incurvariinae reduced or missing), the fusion of the distal ends of the juxta in the male genitalia and by the presence of signa in the bursa copulatrix of the females.
Hodges, R. W. et al. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E. W. Classey, London, UK. Updated by Jean-François Landry, Don Lafontaine and Jim Troubridge [available on http://www.lepbarcoding.org/cl_nth_am.php]
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Incurvariidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 29 April 2009].
Nielsen, E. S. & D. R. Davis 1981. A revision of the neotropical Incurvariidae s.str. with the description of two new genera and two new species (Lepidoptera: Incurvariidae). Steenstrupia 7: 25 - 57.
Nielsen, E. S., E. D. Edwards, and T. V. Rangsi 1996. Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera Volume 4. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood Victoria.
Scoble, M. J. 1980. A new Incurvariinae leaf-miner from South Africa with comments on structure, life history, phylogeny and the binomial system of nomenclature (Lepidoptera: Incurvariidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 43: 77 - 88.
Kurz Michael: 2009.08.26
Kurz Michael: 2013.01.27