N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Cauchas rufimitrella (Scopoli, 1763)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena rufimitrella Scopoli, 1763: 251-252
Type locality: Slovenia, Carniola
Type: Lost or destroyed in coll. IEUP (Evenhuis 1997).

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Adela reskovitsiella Szent-Ivány 1945
Adela uhrikmeszarosiella Szent-Ivány 1945

Habit:

   
: Styria, Ennstal, near Selzthal, 1965.06.06, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz : Salzburg, city of Salzburg, Freisaal, 1999.05.10, leg. Patrick Gros, coll. Michael Kurz    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Description of adults: Examined: 21 , 5 . Forewing length: 4.4 - 5.35 mm, 4.5 - 5.0 mm. Head black-brown; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head distant, black-brown, partly mixed with yellow in , predominantly yellow in ; face smoothly scaled, shining bronzy golden, upper part black; eyes dark grey-brown, about 0.4 mm in diameter; distance of eyes (frontally) about 1 1/4-times the diameter; proboscis scaled golden at base; labial palpi directed straight forewards and downwards, slender, about 0.7 mm long, smoothly scaled, bronzy golden; several long, black setae directed downwards; antennae about 1 1/2 times the forewing length (), in only slightly shorter, bronzy golden, coppery to purplish basally, the outermost tip silvery white; thorax bronzy golden, especially posteriorly with reddish golden tinge; tegulae bronzy golden to reddish golden; forewings more or less slender, mostly uniformly bronzy golden, reddish golden along the costal and outer margins, often without further markings; sometimes an indistinct, light yellowish cross fascia at 1/2 reaching across half of the wing width from the inner margin to the centre of the wing; fringe light bronzy golden; hindwings with broad scales, completely covering the wing membrane, greyish brown in colour with faint violet tinge; anterior margin of hindwing broad whitish; apex, outer and inner margin indistinctly bordered, bronzy golden; fringe bronzy golden; underside of wings mainly bronzy golden, without markings; underside of thorax and legs bronzy golden too; foretibia with long epiphysis; midtibia with a long pair of spurs at the distal end; hindtibia inflated, with a long tuft of hair-like scales and a pair of whitish shining spurs each at about 0.55 of the tibial length and at the distal end; abdomen brown, reddish golden to bronzy golden shining, partly also with intensive violet shimmer.

Distribution:

C. rufimitrella has been recorded from most parts of central Europe, Italy and the Balkan countries, but also from parts of European Russia (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). Vertically, records are available from the lowlands to about 1500 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2010).

Biology:

Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2000.04.22 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2000.04.23 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2004.04.30 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2001.04.27
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2001.04.27 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2001.05.09 Styria, Mittelst.B., Umg.Mixnitz, Tyrnauer Alm, 2001.05.17 Styria, Mittelst.B., Umg.Mixnitz, Tyrnauer Alm, 2001.05.17
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2004.04.28 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2004.04.30 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2004.05.01 Styria, Grazer Bucht Ost, Grazer Feld, Enzelsdorf, 2004.05.15
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view

The species inhabits poor meadows in lowlands and mountainous regions, but also moist localities, often in the vicinity of bushland. The imagines are on the wing from the end of April untill early July, depending on the altitude (Kurz & Kurz 2010) and fly in full sunshine.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Evenhuis N. L. 1997. Litteratura taxonomica dipterorum. (1758–1930). – 2 vols. 871 pp. Leiden Backhuys.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (2004): Adelidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 12 June 2008].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2010. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 13 July 2010].
Scopoli, J. A. 1763. Entomologica Carniolica exhibens Insecta Carnioliae Indigena et Distributa in Ordines, Genera, Varietates. Methodo Linnaeana. – Vindobona, 421 pp, 43 pls. [Reprinted in Graz 1972].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2005.09.02
Kurz Michael: 2010.07.13
not reviewed

Advertisement: