N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Adela mazzolella (Hübner, [1801])

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea mazzolella Hübner, [1801]
Type locality: None given
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

     
: Burgenland, Leithagebirge, near Loretto, 2000.06.01, coll. Michael Kurz      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: Examined: 1 . Forewing length: 5.0 mm. Head dark brown; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head dark yellow, distant; face smoothly scaled, metallic, greenish-golden shining; eyes semi-globular, about 0.3 mm in diameter; distance of eyes (frontally) about 0.5 mm; labial palpi directed ahead, pending, slightly diverging, about 0.45 mm long, somewhat distantly scaled, light yellow with several longer, distant, yellow setae; distal segment of palpi slender, dark violet; scapus only slightly inflated; antennae about 1 1/4 () of forewing length, filiform, basally dark brown with purple shimmer, from half of their length distad increasingly whitish-golden; basal segments with clamp-like structures; thorax and tegulae bronzy golden; forewings golden proximally, bronzy golden distally, along the costal margin purple, especially towards the apex; slightly distally of 1/2 a moderately broad, slightly outwardly bent, yellowish-white, slightly shining fascia across nearly the whole wing width, not reaching costa; fringe bronzy golden, distally purplish shining; hindwings with broad scales, completely covering the wing membrane, basally whitish with coppery glance, distally brownish-grey with bronzy golden to purple shimmer; a delicate, purplish bronzy golden line along the base of the fringe; fringe purple anteriorly of the apex, along the outer margin bronzy golden distally, light coppery shining proximally; underside of wings brown with bronzy golden to coppery glance; at the forewing, the cross-fascia from the upperside indistinctly indicated; costal margin or forewing deep purple; underside of thorax golden to bronzy golden, legs similar; foretibia with epiphysis; midtibia with purple shimmer and a pair of long spurs at the distal end; hindtibia inflated, also purple at the distal end, with a pair of long spurs each at about 0.45 of its length and at the distal end; abdomen brown, bronzy golden shining, at the underside purple posteriorly.

Distribution:

A. mazzolella has been recorded from most areas of southern and central Europe, although we do not know about its occurence from the greater part of the northern and central Balkans, from Portugal, Switzerland and from the large Mediterranean islands (Karsholt & Nieukerken, 2004). Furthermore, the species seems to be absent from Asia (Dubatolov 2009, anonymous 2009a). Data about vertical distribution are scarce and indicate an occurence from the lowlands up to at least 1600 m a.s.l. in Mediterranean mountains (Kurz & Kurz 2010).

Biology:

The species inhabits sunny and dry biotopes like open bushland on steppe meadows or on rocky places. The imagines are on the wing from late May till July and are day-active (Kurz & Kurz 2010).

Worth knowing:

Sources:

anonymous 2009a. An Identification Guide of Japanese Moths Compiled by Everyone. URL: http://www.jpmoth.org [online 26 April 2010].
Dubatolov, V. V. 2009. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Adelidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Incurvar.htm [online 26 April 2010].
Hübner, J. 1796–1836 ["1796"] a. Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. Horde 8. Tineae-Schaben: [1]–[12]+13–70+[71]–[78], pls 2–71. Augsburg. Continued by C. Geyer.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2010. Adelidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.2., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 13 August 2010].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2010. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 13 August 2010].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2010.08.16
not reviewed

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