N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Adela cuprella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea cuprella [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775: 320
Type locality: Austria, Vienna
Type: destroyed in the Hofburg fire in 1848 (anonymous 2009b)

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:


: Salzburg, Alpenvorland, Bürmoos, 1995.04.30, leg. Heimo Nelwek, coll. Michael Kurz : Carinthia, Karnische Alpen, Valentintal, 1550-1700 m, 2004.07.05, leg. et coll. Helmut Deutsch    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 1 . Forewing length: 7.3 mm, 7.2 mm. Head black; vestiture of hair-like scales on the head scarce in the , very long and black, in the shorter, yellow; face unscaled; eyes of greatly enlarged, converging each other parietally, about 0.7 mm in diameter; distance of eyes about 0.3 mm (frontally); in the , eyes not enlarged and not converging each other, about 0.45 mm in diameter; labial palpi in the somewhat longer than the diameter of an eye (about 0.8 mm), directed ahead, light brown, scarcely scaled with long, hair-like, black-brown scales in a mainly downwards direction; in the , palpi only about 0.55 mm long, also scarcely scaled with shorter, yellow scales and additional long black setae; antennae about 2 1/2 (), respectively, 1 1/2 () of forewing length; scapus inflated; flagellum light and dark ringed basally, distally more whitish, weakly ringed only; in the , flagellum with one or two clamp-like sensory organs at segments 10-12; proboscis well developed, scaled basally; thorax in the blackish brown, partly with adpressed scales, partly with distant, hair-like scales; in the , collare shortly scaled with hair-like scales, yellow, thorax with adpressed scales, bronzy golden shining; forewings coppery bronzy golden, at the basis, along the costal margin and at the apex with indistinctly bordered, purple to purple-violet colouration, without any further markings; fringe coppery bronzy golden; hindwings with broad scales, completely covering the wing membrane, dark brown grey, with coppery, distally purple shimmer; anterior margin silvery-white from base to 3/4, indistinctly bordered; fringe bronzy golden shining, with a delictae bronzy golden line along its basis; underside brown with bronzy golden to coppery glance, fading into light golden distally; basal line of fringe at hindwing underside whitish-golden; in the , coxae with long, black-brown, hair-like scales; legs otherwise bronzy golden to purple shimmering; foretibia with epiphysis; midtibia with a pair of spurs at the distal end; hindtibia with a tuft of hair-like scales, in the dense and long, in the more scarcely and shorter; hindtibia with a pair of spurs each at about 0.7 of the tibial length and at the distal end; abdomen with adpressed scales, dark brown with weak golden shimmer; distal end of abdomen flattened laterally in .


The species is widely distributed throughout Europe, except for Portugal, the large Mediterranean islands, parts of the Balkans and Belarus (Karsholt & Nieukerken, 2010). The vertical distribution extends from the lowlands up to at least 2300 m in the Alps (Kurz & Kurz 2010).


The imagines are on the wing from late April to early June (Kurz & Kurz 2010). Other data on the biology are not available.


A. cuprella : Salzburg, Alpenvorland, Bürmoos, 1995.04.30, leg. Heimo Nelwek, coll. Michael Kurz A. reaumurella : Upper Austria, Innviertel, near Dorfibm, 1994.04.30, leg. et coll. Michael Kurz    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Worth knowing:


anonymous 2009b. Das Naturhistorische Museum Wien. Forschung. 2. Zoologische Abteilung (Entomologie). Geschichte. URL: http://http://www.nhm-wien.ac.at/Content.Node/forschung/2zoo/geschichte.html [online 15 September 2009].
Denis, M. & I. Schiffermüller 1775. Ankündigung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend, herausgegeben von einigen Lehrern am K.K. Theresianum. Augustin Bernardi, Wien. 322 pp.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2010. Adelidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.2., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 23 August 2010].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2010. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 21 June 2010].

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2010.09.17
Kurz Michael: 2010.09.22
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.10
not reviewed