N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Nemophora Hoffmannsegg, 1798

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Nemophora Illiger & Hoffmannsegg, 1798: 499
Type: Phalaena degeerella Linnaeus, 1758: 540: By subsequent designation by Hampson 1918: 388.

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Elasmion Hübner, [1822] b: 62, 66-79. Type species: Phalaena degeerella Linnaeus, 1758 by subsequent designation by Fletcher 1929: 74. Junior objective synonym.
Elasmia Hübner, [1822] b: 62, 66-79: Incorrect subsequent spelling.
Eutyphia Hübner, [1825] b: 416. Type species: Phalaena degeerella Linnaeus, 1758 by subsequent designation by Meyrick 1912: 4. Junior objective synonym.
Nemotois Hübner, [1825] b: 416. Type species: Tinea schiffermillerella Denis & Schiffermüller 1775: 142 (= Nemophora fasciella Fabricius, 1775) by subsequent designation by Meyrick 1912: 4. Junior subjective synonym.
Nematois Walsingham, 1907: 153. Incorrect subsequent spelling.
Nematophora Agassiz, 1847: 247. An unjustified emendation of Nemophora Illiger & Hoffmannsegg, 1798, and a junior homonym of Nematophora Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds: 12, - Aves.

Habit:

Type species of the genus: N. degeerella degeerella : Salzburg, Hohe Tauern, Rauris valley, Bodenhaus, Astenschmiede, 1985.07.20, leg. Kurz, Kurz & Zeller, coll. Michael Kurz N. congruella : Salzburg, Untersberg area, Grödig, Fürstenbrunn, 1966.06.06, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Haus der Natur, Salzburg Type species of Nemotois Hübner, [18125]: N. fasciella : Salzburg, city of Salzburg, Gaisberg, 1970.07.29, leg. F. Mairhuber, coll. Haus der Natur N. albiciliellus : Spain, Gerona, Vidreras, 1993.06.10, leg. et coll. Josef Wimmer
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Distribution:

The genus Nemophora is distributed throughout the temperate and tropical regions of the world and also reaches the subarctic areas with some species (anonymous 2009a, Common 1990, Dubatolov 2009, Hodges et al. 1983, Karsholt & Nieukerken 2010).

Biology:

   
N. degeerella: Serbia, Vojvodina, near Karavukovo, 2007.05.18 N. metallica: Marche, Ascoli Piceno, Monti Sibillini, Forca Canapine, 1500 m, 2005.06.22    
Picture from: Horvat Laslo
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   

Diagnosis:

Up to present, we do not have a generally accepted, phylogenetically based classification of different groups within Adelinae. For western Palaearctic species only, Küppers (1980) has attempted in this for the last time, although three genera have been recognized alreday since the 19th century. Nevertheless, species composition of these genera has varied significantly, depending on the character(s) used for classification. Presently, classification of Adelinae is based on delicate structures of the male antennae only, ignoring other possible apomorphies like enlargement of the eyes in males, length of antennae, scaleing of head and face, structure of the palpi, wing markings or others. Cauchas Zeller, 1839 comprises all species without sensory structures on the male antennae, wheres species of Adela Latreille, 1796 show 1 or 2 clamp-like sensory organs on the basal part of the antennae. Nemophora Illiger & Hoffmannsegg, 1798, the largest genus, comprises all species with a short, spine-like structure on each of the about 10 basal segments of the antennae. All other mentioned characters however do not correlate at all with this classification. DNA-data also are not available on a large scale. By some authors, Nemotois Hübner, [1825] is treated as a fourth genus of Adelinae, comprising the metallica- and fasciella-groups in the sense of Küppers (1980). These species differ significantly from the degeerella-group by the enlargement of the eyes in the males and by the metallic wing colouring, bringing them into morphological vicinity to the reaumurella-group of the genus Adela.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Agassiz 1847. Nomencl. zool. Index univ.
anonymous 2009a. An Identification Guide of Japanese Moths Compiled by Everyone. URL: http://www.jpmoth.org [online 26 April 2010].
Common, I. F. B. 1990. Moths of Australia. – Brill Academic Publishers, 535 pp.
Dubatolov, V. V. 2009. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Adelidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Incurvar.htm [online 26 April 2010].
Fletcher 1929. Mem. Dep. Agric. India (Ent.) 11.
Hampson 1918. Novit. zool. 25

Hodges, R. W. et al. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. E. W. Classey, London, UK. Updated by Jean-François Landry, Don Lafontaine and Jim Troubridge [available on http://www.lepbarcoding.org/cl_nth_am.php]
Hübner, J. 1816–1826 ["1816"] b. Verzeichniß bekannter Schmettlinge [sic]: 1–431 + [1]–2–72. Augsburg.
Illiger & Hoffmannsegg 1798. Verzeichnis der Käffer Preussens.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2010. Adelidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.2., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 27 September 2010].
Küppers, P.V. 1980. Untersuchungen zur Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Westpaläarktischen Adelinae (Lepidoptera: Adelidae), Dissertation, Wissenschaftliche Beiträge Karlsruhe, Verlag M.Wahl, Karlsruhe
Meyrick 1912. in Wytsman. Genera Insectorum 133.
Walsingham 1907. Entomologist´s mon. Mag. 43.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2010.09.28
Kurz Michael: 2013.12.20
Kurz Michael: 2013.12.21
not reviewed

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