N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Nemophora pfeifferella (Hübner, [1813]

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Tinea pfeifferella Hübner, [1813]: pl. 63, fig. 422.
Type locality: None given.
Type: None designated.

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Adela chrysochraon Razowski, 1978. Locus typicus: Poland. Unnecessary replacement name.
Nemotois huebneri Koçak, 1980. Unnecessary replacement name.

Habit:

     
original painting (pl. 63, fig. 422)      
Picture from: Hübner [1813]
Detailed view
     

Distribution:

Following Karsholt & Nieukerken (2011), the species is widespread in central Europe, the northern Balkans and eastern Europe, its range extending to Ukraine and the central part of European Russia. Nevertheless, it seems to be only locally distributed and extremely rare. In central Europe, it is regarded extinct at least in Germany since 1931 (Gerstberger 2008). In Asia, N. pfeifferella is recorded only from the Bursa province in western Turkey (Koçak & Kemal 2009).

Diagnosis:

In Europe, the species is nearly unmistakeable due to its characteristic violet wing markings. The somewhat similar Nemophora metallica (Poda, 1761) lacks these markings and is usually also distinctly larger. Quite recently, Nemophora eretna Kemal & Koçak, 2006 has been described from eastern Turkey on the basis of a single female. This taxon is very similar to N. pfeifferella and is distinguished only by the form of the more prominent violet markings. Its taxonomic position therefore is unclear unless males can be found for comparison of genitalia.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Gerstberger, M. 2008. Die Langhornfalter Deutschlands (Lepidoptera, Adelidae). Mitteilungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft westfälischer Entomologen 24 (2): 37-56.
Hübner, J. 1796–1836 ["1796"] a. Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. Horde 8. Tineae-Schaben: [1]–[12]+13–70+[71]–[78], pls 2–71. Augsburg. Continued by C. Geyer.
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2011. Adelidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.4., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 17 January 2012].
Koçak, A. Ö. & M. Kemal 2009. Revised Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Turkey. Priamus, supplement 17: 1-253.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2012.01.17
not reviewed

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