N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Papilio (Achillides) bianor Cramer, [1777]

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio bianor Cramer, 1777: 10, pl. 103, fig. C.


: South Korea, Gangwon-do, 2012.05.26, leg. Yoon Hui Kim, coll. Michael kurz underside: South Korea, Gangwon-do, 2012.05.26, leg. Yoon Hui Kim, coll. Michael Kurz    
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Description of adults: (Bingham 1907): Wingspan: 124-150 mm. ". Upperside dull brownish black, much darker on the hind wing than on the fore wing. Fore wing irrorated somewhat sparsely with green scales, which in the tend to form green internervular streaks. Hind wing: basal three-fourths irrorated on the posterior half of the wing with green, on the anterior half with blue scales that leave a broad and uniform terminal and costal margin devoid of the irroration of blue or green scales; a subterminal series of lunules often incomplete, the anterior ones of blue scales, the posterior ones claret-red traversed by short inner lines of blue; the tornal lunule the widest. Cilia brown, in hind wing alternated with white. Underside: fore wing chocolatebrown; the cell with a slight irroration of yellowish scales; the outer half of the wing with broad pale internervular streaks that increase in length from the tornal angle to the costa, but do not reach the terminal margin. Hind wing deep brownish black, the base, cell and the disc partially with thin irroration of pale yellow scales; a conspicuous subterminal complete series of broad claret-red lunules traversed by short lines of violet-blue, and a series of terminal narrow transverse ochraceous spots in the interspaces. Antennas, head, thorax and abdomen chocolate-brown; the head, thorax and abdomen above thinly sprinkled with green scales. similar, but larger and altogether paler." (Bingham 1907).


Following Häuser et al. (2005), the species has been found in the following countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, eastern Russia, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam.


Papilio maackii Ménétriés, 1859 is very similar to P. bianor, but is usually smaller and lacks the light postdiscal streak on the hindwing underside. Also somewhat similar are Papilio syfanius Oberthür, 1886, Papilio dialis Leech, 1893 and Papilio elephenor Doubleday, 1845, although all three are darker on the upperside, with a less greenish irroration. P. syfanius often has white spots between the veins on the hindwing upper- and underside and has the outer lunulae on the hindwing upperside reddish-violet instead of greenish. P. dialis and P. elephenor have shorter or even missing tails on the hindwings and more or less missing outer lunulae on the hindwing upperside.

Worth knowing:


Bingham, C. T. 1907. Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Butterflies - Vol. II. Taylor & Francis, London, 480 pp., 20 pl.
Cramer, P. & C. Stoll ([1775]-1782). De uitlandsche kapellen, voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America (= Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde, l´Asie, l´Afrique et l´Amerique). S. J. Baalde & Barthelemy Wild: Amsterdam and Utrecht. 4 vol.
Häuser, C. L., J. Holstein & A. Steiner 2005. The Global Butterfly Information System. http://www.globis.insects-online.de. Last updated 14.04.2011 [online 18 March 2014].

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2012.12.03
Kurz Michael: 2014.03.17
Kurz Michael: 2014.03.18
not reviewed