N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Zerynthia (Allancastria) caucasica (Lederer, 1864)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Thais Cerisyi var. caucasica Lederer, 1864: 165.
Type locality: Caucasus, Georgia, Inneretia, Kutaisi
Type: Syntypes: 10 , 2 : Caucasus, Inneretia, Kutais, April 1863, in coll. NHMW, Vienna?

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

: Caucasus : Turkey : Turkey : Abkhazia, Adisary, Kintrish, 1981.04.11, leg. Danilevsky M., coll. Michael Kurz
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Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
: without data : Turkey : Turkey underside: Abkhazia, Adisary, Kintrish, 1981.04.11, leg. Danilevsky M., coll. Michael Kurz
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Detailed view
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Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Description of adults: Examined: 1 . Wing expanse: 52 mm. Head densely covered with long distant black, upperwards light brown-grey, hair-like scales; eyes big, semiglobular; labial palpi directed ahead; terminal segment and upperside black, laterally white, with downwardly directed, long black hair-like scales; antennae about 1/3 of forewing length, black; thorax black, scarcely covered with light brown-grey, hair-like scales; forewing upperside creamy with black markings: wing base black; 4 black cross-spots in cell, only the second (from wing base) and the fourth (at discus) reaching across the whole cell width; the third one very small, small triangular at costa, in cell drop-like constricted; postdiscally, a delicate black cross-streak from costa across cell-width, in intervenal areas M3-Cu1 and Cu1-Cu2 continued by a roundish spot; a submarginal, black-brown cross-fascia, from costa over M2, but between M3 and Cu1 only a small spot; a black-brown marginal fascia, broad at veins and joined with the submarginal fascia, in intervenal areas undulating, thus embedding arrow-like, creamy spots with the submarginal fascia in anterior half of wing and at margin, in intervenal areas, creamy, semilunatic spots; fringe creamy, black at vein ends; hindwing upperside also creamy, with broad black, inwardly irregular inner margin; outer margin at vein ends with arrow-like, black streaks and short tips on M3 and Cu1; a postdiscal row of small, posteriorly larger black spots; distal half of cell with dispersed black scales; submarginally, from M1 to Cu2 a broad fascia of arrow-like, black spots, which are centered blue and bear a red, indistinctly grey bordered spot in each intervenal area at the inwardly oriented tip of the arrow; red, black bordered spots distad of middle of anterior margin and at anal angle, the last continued below by a black, blue centered spot; indistinct black cross-streaks at outer margin between costa and RR, as well as between RR and M1; fringe creamy, at vein ends black; underside of forewing similar to upperside, but submarginal and marginal fasciae only shining through from upperside or indicated by some dispersed black scales; fringe chequered black (at vein ends) and creamy; hindwing underside also similar to upperside, but ground colour whitish; black markings more enlarged, but irrorated yellowish; legs black, with long, light brown-grey, hair-like scales; abdomen black, upperside scarcely, underside denser covered with long, whitish-grey to light brown-grey, hair-like scales; abdomen laterally with a more or less triangular, brick-red spot per segment.

Distribution:

Häuser (2006) lists the following countries: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russia; Turkey. The record for Russia (southern part of European Russia) is regarded doubtful by De Prins (2004).

Biology:

, ochreous form
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
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Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
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Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
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, ochreous form ; melanistic form    
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
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Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
   

Diagnosis:

Z. caucasica is characterized by the very small tails of the hindwings, which readily distinguish it from Zerynthia deyrollei (Oberthür, 1869) and Zerynthia cerisy (Godart, 1824). From the allopatric species Zerynthia cretica (Rebel, 1904) and Zerynthia louristana (Le Cerf, 1908), which also lack the tails on the hindwings almost completely, Z. caucasica is easily distinguished by the grey suffusion of the upperside and the prominent blue spots in the dark grey submarginal band of the hindwing upperside.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

De Prins, W. 2004. Papilionidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 2008.07.29].
Häuser, C. 2006. genus Zerynthia. In: Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., van Hertum J., eds. (2008). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2008/. Species 2000: Reading, U.K
Leder, J. 1864. Zur Lepidopteren-Fauna von Imeretien und Grusien. Wiener entomologische Monatsschrift 8 (5): 165-172.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2008.07.29
Kurz Michael: 2008.08.14
Kurz Michael: 2012.04.27
Kurz Michael: 2012.08.03
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.03
Kurz Michael: 2016.02.08
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.07
Kurz Michael: 2016.12.22
Kurz Michael: 2016.12.29
not reviewed

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