N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Eriocrania Zeller, 1851

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Eriocrania Zeller, 1851: 323.
Type: Tinea sparrmannella Bosc , 1791. By subsequent designation by Bode, 1907: 59.

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Chapmania Meeß, 1910: 483. Type species: Lampronia semipurpurella Stephens, 1835.
Dyseriocrania Meeß, 1910: 483. Type: Tinea subpurpurella Haworth, 1828. Subgenus.
Mnemonica Meyrick, 1912: 2, fig 5. Type species: ?. Junior subjective synonym.
Allochapmania Strand, 1917: 137. Type species: ?. Junior subjective synonym.
Heringocrania Kusnezov, 1941. Type: Adela unimaculella Zetterstedt, 1839. Subgenus.
Issikiocrania Moriuti, 1982: 46. Type species: Issikiocrania japonicella Moriuti, 1982. ? Subgenus.
Paracrania Zagulayev, 1992. Type: Micropteryx chrysolepidella Zeller, 1851. Subgenus.


E. (Dyseriocrania) subpurpurella : Austria, Salzburg, Alpenvorland, Bürmoos, 1989.04.16, leg. Nelwek Heimo, coll. Michael Kurz E. (Heringocrania) unimaculella : Salzburg, Untersberg area, Großgmain, Wartberg, 1974.03.23, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Michael Kurz E. (Paracrania) chrysolepidella : Salzburg, Flachgau, Kasern, 1968.04.17, leg. Fritz Mairhuber, coll. Haus der Natur E. (Eriocrania) sangii : Eastern Tyrol, Lengberg, 850 m, 2004.04.03, leg. Helmut Deutsch, coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view


The genus is mainly distributed in the palaearctic region, but also reaches North America.


In this study, Dyseriocrania, Heringocrania and Paracrania are regarded as subgenera of Eriocrania only. Differences have been based mainly on variable venation characters only, although Dyseriocrania also seems to be characterized by the absence of socii in the male genitalia and the difference in size of the tubercules on sternites IV and V (Davis 1978). From Eriocraniella and Neocrania, the genus is mainly separated by characters of the venation (R1 simple and undivided, R3 absent), the absence of an epiphysis on the foretibia and the relative simple, not lobed terminal segment of the maxillary palpi (Davis 1978). The first two genera are also somewhat smaller in wing expanse on the average.

Worth knowing:


Bode, W. 1907. Die Schmetterlingsfauna von Hildesheim. Mitteilungen aus dem Römer-Museum von Hildesheim 22, 59 pp.
Davis, D. R. 1978. A Revision of the North American Moths of the Superfamily Eriocranioidea with the Proposal of a New Family, Acanthopteroctetidae (Lepidoptera). Smithonian contributions to Zoology 251: 1-131.
Karsholt, O. 2004. Families Acanthopteroctetidae, Axiidae, Castniidae, Cossidae, Drepanidae, Eriocottidae, Eriocraniidae, Gelechiidae, Heterogynidae, Limacodidae, Lypusidae, Micropterigidae, Roeslerstammiidae, Somabrachyidae, Uraniidae. In: Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 22 April 2008].
Zeller, P. C. 1851. Drei Schabengattungen: Incurvaria, Micropteryx und Nemophora; Linnaea Entomologica 5, p. 301 - 362, pl. 1

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2009.03.27
Kurz Michael: 2012.11.08
Kurz Michael: 2012.11.16
Kurz Michael: 2012.12.04
not reviewed