N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Zerynthia (Allancastria) cretica (Rebel, 1904)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Thais cerisyi var. cretica Rebel, 1904: 2-4.
Type locality: Crete, near Asitaes [Asites]
Type: Syntypes several , 1 : Kreta, Umgebung Asitaes, 25.4 - 14.5.1903, leg. Holtz, in coll. NHMW, Vienna

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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Habit:

: Crete, Lasithi plateau, Vrisses-Roussapidia, 35°12´N, 25°34`E, 400-850 m, 2015.05.03, leg. Binter Jiri et Binterova Z., coll. Michael Kurz : in coll. NHMW : in coll. NHMW underside: Crete, Lasithi plateau, Vrisses-Roussapidia, 35°12´N, 25°34`E, 400-850 m, 2015.05.03, leg. Binter Jiri et Binterova Z., coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: NHMW (creative commons: BY-NC-ND, www.globis.insects-online.de)
Detailed view
Picture from: NHMW (creative commons: BY-NC-ND, www.globis.insects-online.de)
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
   
underside: in coll. NHMW underside: in coll. NHMW    
Picture from: NHMW (creative commons: BY-NC-ND, www.globis.insects-online.de)
Detailed view
Picture from: NHMW (creative commons: BY-NC-ND, www.globis.insects-online.de)
Detailed view
   

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , Wing expanse: 47 mm. Head black; face with long, distant, laterally black, medially light grey, hair-like scales; eyes big, semiglobular; at posterior margin of eyes, a spot of white scales, above a spot of yellowish-orange scales; palpi directed ahead, black, laterally white, with long downwardly directed, black, hair-like scales; antennae about 1/3 of forewing length, black; thorax black, scarcely covered with white-grey, ahead slightly brownish, long hair-like scales; forewing upperside creamy; forewing base black; black cross-spots in center of cell and at discus, reaching across the whole cell width; betwen them, as well as between medial spot and basis a small black costal spot each; in postdiscal area a bigger black costal spot, continued posteriorly by three small black intervenal spots; submarginal fascia black, but only reaching to M1; continued by two small black spots between M1 and M2, as well as between M2 and M3; black outer fascia also reduced, a continuous fascia only to M3, in posterior area only black spots at vein ends; fringe black at vein ends, creamy between; upperside of hindwing also creamy; anal margin broad black, inwardly irregular, not reaching the anal angle with its black, red centered spot; a similar, somewhat bigger spot at costal margin distad of middle; outer area of cell and postdiscal area with black, irregular spots shining through from underside, as well as few black dots and a small spot; vein ends with arrow-like, black spots, only M3 with short tip; in submarginal area some black cross-streacks between veins in posterior part; underside of forewing similar to upperside, spots in postdiscal area partly, submarginal and marginal fascia completely shining through from upperside, but vein ends with distinct black spots; underside of hindwing also similar to upperside, only slightly lighter, dirty white; black markings more extended, but more intensively irrorated with creamy scales; furthermore, 4 red intervenal spots with delicate black border in submarginal area; submarginal cross-streaks joined to an undulating line; underside of thorax and legs black, scarcely covered with long, grey-white, hair-like scales; abdomen black, on upperside very scarcely, on underside more densely covered with long, grey-white, hair-like scales; laterally, an orange cross-streak per segment, accompanied by a white longitudinal stripe.

Distribution:

The species is an endemite of Crete (De Prins, 2004).

Biology:

, ochreous form underside
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view
Picture from: © Carbonell Frédéric
Detailed view

Diagnosis:

The species is characterized by the nearly missing tails of the hindwings, the reduced red and black drawings of the upperside and by characteristic arrow-like, black spots on the margin of the hind wing upperside. The latter feature readily distinguishes it also from the overall similar Zerynthia louristana (Le Cerf, 1908), which is distributed allopatrically in Iran.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

De Prins, W. 2004. Papilionidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 2008.07.29].
Häuser, C. 2006. genus Zerynthia. In: Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., van Hertum J., eds. (2008). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist. Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2008/. Species 2000: Reading, U.K
Rebel, H. 1904. Bericht der Sektion für Lepidopterologie. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 54: 2-4.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2008.07.29
Kurz Michael: 2008.08.14
Kurz Michael: 2014.04.24
Kurz Michael: 2016.02.11
Kurz Michael: 2016.02.17
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.07
not reviewed

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