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Iphiclides feisthamelii (Duponchel, 1832)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Papilio feisthamelii Duponchel, 1832: 7-10, pl. 1 fig. 1
Type locality: Spain, Barcelona and Algeria
Type: Syntypes: probably in coll. MNHN, Paris

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
---

Le Voilier Blanc
Chupa leche

Habit:

 
: Morocco : Portugal : Portugal  
Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
Picture from: www.ebay.at: © galijotas
Detailed view
 

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 1 . Wing expanse: 59 mm, 64 mm. Vestiture of hair-like scales on head long, distant, mixed creamy and black, creamy above palpi; collar creamy, medially black; eyes large, semiglobular, dark redbrown; labial palpi short, directed ahead, with long distant hairs, light creamy to rusty brown in anterior part; antennae about 2/5 of forewing length, black-brown, distal part black; thorax black, with scarce, but long hair cover, creamy especially along sides; forewings light creamy, anterior margin delicately ochreous-orange, with oblique, grey-black, relatively broad cross fasciae from costa: 1 nearly at base; 2 at about 1/5; 3 at 2/5, reaching only across cell width; 4 at 3/5, slightly undulating, tapering towards anal angle; 5 very narrow, reaching only about to M3; 6 and 7 broad at apex, only separated by a delicate light line, running submarginally, respectively, marginally; 6 tapering towards anal angle; 1, 2, 4 and 7 across the whole wing width; hindwings also light creamy, with undulating ochreous outer margin and a 9-12 mm long tail on vein Cu1; inner margin broad black-grey, only at base a delicate light central line; before anal angle a black, cobalt-blue centered eye-like spot, orange and creamy above; outer margin, except for the undulating border, very broad black-grey, with submarginal, cobalt-blue lunulae between veins; spots between RR and M1, as well as between M1 and M2 very narrow and only creamy; tail on Cu1 also black-grey, only distally creamy; in the middle of the wing a moderately broad, black-grey cross-fascia, tapering towards eye-like spot; underside similar to upperside, fasciae 3 and 4 of forewing anteriorly, 6 and 7 along their whole length broad ochreous to ochreous-yellow and only with narrow black borders; on hindwing, the black-grey fasciae inwardly also broad ochreous-yellow, blue lunulae inwardly whitish; medial stripe inwardly with a delicate ochreous-yellow line proximally, this line distally becoming orange-red; thorax densely covered with creamy hairs on underside; legs black downwards to femora, with scarce hair cover, tibiae and tarsi creamy scaled, with black thorns; abdomen black-grey on upperside, dorsolaterally a creamy stripe, followed ventrally by a narrow black line first, then by an ochreous-orange and finally a black line again; abdomen on ventral side with long and dense cover of creamy hairs.

Distribution:

The taxon feisthamelii is distributed from NW Africa across the Iberian peninsula to the eastern Pyrenees of France. Vertically, the species reaches a height of 2700 m a.s.l. in northern Africa (Tolman & Lewington 1998).

Biology:

Spain, Madrid, Rivas Vaciamadrid, 2008.03.29 Portugal, Coimbra, Montemor-o-Velho, 2007.09.12 Portugal, Lissabon, Sintra, Peninha, 2005.07.10 Spain, Malaga, Nerja, Torre de Maro, 2005.04.06
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Adrian198cm, (public domain)
Detailed view
Picture from: www.flickr.com: Emerging Birder (Creative Commons)
Detailed view
Picture from: www.flickr.com: Emerging Birder (Creative Commons)
Detailed view
Picture from: www.flickr.com: © Peter Greenwoods
Detailed view

The species inhabits dry and hot places in richly structured areas with borders of bushes and woods (Tolman & Lewington 1998). Often however, it can be found also in cultivated areas, like gardens and among almond trees. The sexes often meet on hill tops or along other dominant landmarks, like river shores (Hensle 2019). The animals fly in at leat four generations in lowlands from March till early October, at the northern distribution range and in the uplands in only 2 -3 generations and in the highest altitudes in only one generation. The pupa overwinters (Tolman & Lewington 1998, Hensle 2019).

Stages in development:

According to literature (Higgins & Riley 1978, Tolman & Lewington 1998), there seem to be no differences to Iphiclides podalirius (Linné, 1758). Foodplant of the larvae most probably is Prunus spinosa Linné, besides that also Prunus dulcis Linné (Hensle 2019).

Diagnosis:

Although considered to be a distinct species by some authors, the taxon feisthamelii Duponchel is probably only a subspecies of Iphiclides podalirius (Linné, 1758). The differences between both taxa are restricted to ground colour (more whitish in feisthamelii) and the dark markings, which are more expanded in feisthamelii. Neither in -genitalia, nor biochemically or in biology convincing differences have been found. Experimental proof in the form of cross mating is still missing.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Duponchel, P.-A.-J. 1832-[1835]. Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptčres ou papillons de France. Supplément. Tome premier: 1-466, [467], pl. I-L. Paris (Mequignon-Marvis).
Hensle, J. 2019. Iphiclides feisthamelii (Duponchel, 1832), Lebensraum und Lebensweise. Lepiforum. Bestimmungshilfe für die in Europa nachgewiesenen Schmetterlingsarten. URL: http://www.lepiforum.de [online 2019.01.21].
Higgins, L. 1975. The Classification of European Butterflies, Collins, London
Higgins L.G. & N.D. Riley 1978. Die Tagfalter Europas und Nordwestafrikas, übersetzt von W. Forster, 2. Auflage, Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg und Berlin.
Tolman T. & R. Lewington 1998. Die Tagfalter Europas und Nordwestafrikas, übersetzt von M. Nuß, Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co., Stuttgart.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2008.12.08
Kurz Michael: 2008.12.29
Kurz Michael: 2009.06.27
Kurz Michael: 2015.11.30
Kurz Michael: 2016.09.15
Kurz Michael: 2016.10.03
Kurz Michael: 2019.01.22
not reviewed

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