N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Eriogaster lanestris (Linné, 1758)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena (Bombyx) lanestris Linnaeus, 1758: 499.
Type locality: None given, probably England.
Type: Not designated. Syntypes in coll. The Linnean Collections at The Linnean Society of London (pictures)

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Eriogaster senecta Graeser, 1888. Junior subjective synonym.
Eriogaster borealis Caradja, 1895. Junior subjective synonym.
Eriogaster hungarica Daniel, 1935. Junior subjective synonym.
Eriogaster montana Trawöger, 1956. Junior subjective synonym.

Frühlings-Wollafter

Habit:

   
: Russia, Siberia : without data, coll. Mus. Zool. Oulu    
Picture from: © Svyatoslav Knyazev, Omsk, Russia
Detailed view
Picture from: wikimedia commons: M. Virtala (without copyright)
Detailed view
   

Distribution:

Except Iceland and Portugal, as well as the Tyrrhenian archipelago, the spcies has been found throughout Europe (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2019). It is known also from Siberia. The vertical distribution range is small and has been documented only to about 900 m, exceptionally to 1150 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2019).

Biology:

     
Biotope: partly open, dry bushland, 2014.04.28      
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Hans Gasperl (CC-BY-SA-3.0)
Detailed view
     

No documented data are available about the natural biotope of the animals. They prefer however warm areas with richly structured woods. The imagines fly in two generations per year. The first generation is on the wing already in March in April, with reared animals appearing as early as January. The second generation emerges at the end of May and flies in June and July. Consequently, larvae appear in April und early May and again in June and July. The pupa overwinters.

Stages in development:

 
Montenegro, Niksic, Golija, between Krstac and Niksic, 2011.06.11 Montenegro, Niksic, Golija, between Krstac and Niksic, 2011.06.11 Cocoon: Russia, Pskov Oblast, Pustoshkinsky District, near village Ivanishchevo, 07.08.2008  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Ilia Ustyantsev (CC-BY-SA-2.0)
Detailed view
 

Major foodplant of the larvae is hawthorn (Crataegus sp. following Kurz & Kurz 2019), but also other deciduous woods are utilzed.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Karsholt, O. & Nieukerken, E.J. van. 2019. Lepidoptera, Moths. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06, https://fauna-eu.org [online 15 May 2019].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2019. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 15 May 2019].
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2016.05.14
Kurz Michael: 2017.03.10
Kurz Michael: 2019.05.20
Kurz Michael: 2019.05.22
not reviewed

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