N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Euplocamus anthracinalis (Scopoli, 1763)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena anthracinalis Scopoli, 1763: 239.
Type locality: Slovenia, Carniola
Type: Lost or destroyed in coll. IEUP (Evenhuis 1997).

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Euplocamus anthracinalis var. monetella Lederer, 1864: 171. Infrasubspecific name.
Tinea anthracinella [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775). Junior subjective synonym.
Phalaena fuesslinella Sulzer, 1776. Junior subjective synonym.
Bombyx anthracina Borkhausen, 1793. Junior subjective synonym.
Phalaena fuesslinaria Esper, 1794. Junior subjective synonym.
Tinea anthracinella Hübner, 1796. Junior subjective synonym.

Habit:

     
: Bulgaria, W Rhodope Mts., Vidan, 2009.06.05, leg. Marion Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: Description following Hannemann (1977), Petersen (1958). Forewing length: 13-16 mm. Vestiture of hair-like scales on the head rusty-yellow; antennae ringed brown-white, bipectinate in , filiform in ; tegulae rusty-yellow; forewings black with several white spots of different shape and size: Mostly one near basis, four along costa, one bigger in apical area and two on inner margin; several small ones on tornus, along outer margin and in center of wing; fringe black, several times transected in white; hindwings brownish-black; fringe whitish in , several times transected in brown, in brown.

Variability: of f. monetella with light to dark brown forewings, inner half sometimes speckled whitish to yellowish with yellowish-white dots; hindwings often with a long, yellowish-white, longitudinal stripe from basis to middle of inner margin; fringe in and several times transected whitish.

Distribution:

Following Hannemann (1977), E. anthracinalis is known from Armenia, southern Russia, the Balkans, Austria, Hungary, Czechia, Slovakia, north and central Italy, south-eastern France, Switzerland and Germany, with the northern border of distribution reaching to Nordrhein-Westfalen, Braunschweig, Berlin, Thüringen and Poznan in Poland. Petersen (1958) records the species also from western Asia Minor. Vertically, records are available from 100 - 1200 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2014).

Biology:

     
without data      
Picture from: wikimedia commons: Juhász József (CC-BY-2.5-HU)
Detailed view
     

The species inhabits shady edges of deciduous woods and clear-cuttings. The animals are on the wing in one generation from May to August and are day-active (Hannemann 1977). The earliest available record dates from 30th April 1984 (Kurz & Kurz 2014).

Stages in development:

Larva. The larva is yellow; head, thoracal and anal plates brown. The larva lives from August, overwintering till April in rotten wood and fungi on Fagus, Quercus, Carpinus, Alnus and Crataegus. Pupation takes place in situ (Hannemann 1977).

Anatomy:

   
-genitalia -genitalia    
Picture from: © Petersen 1958
Detailed view
Picture from: © Petersen 1958
Detailed view
   

Genitalia. Uncus with deep medial notch; on its rounded lateral lobes, a pointed dorsal appendix each; a weakly sclerotized, rod-like plate beneath rectum, longer than uncus; valvae bilobed, distally with smooth margin, proximally undulated; aedeagus very small, only slightly inflated basally (Petersen 1958).

Genitalia. Ostium funnel-shaped, heavily sclerotized; apophyses with a hook-shaped appendix each in first quarter (Hannemann 1977).

Diagnosis:

The external appearance and the -genitalia are very distinctive, whereas the -genitalia do not allow a separation of species within the genus.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Evenhuis N. L. 1997. Litteratura taxonomica dipterorum. (1758–1930). – 2 vols. 871 pp. Leiden Backhuys.
Hannemann, H. J. 1977. Kleinschmetterlinge oder Microlepidoptera III. Federmotten (Pterophoridae), Gespinstmotten (Yponomeutidae), Echte Motten (Tineidae). - in: Dahl, F.: Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, 63. Teil. VEB Gustaf Fischer Verlag, Jena, 275 pp., 17 pl.
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2014. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 05 May 2014].
Petersen, G. 1958. Die Genitalien der paläarktischen Tineiden (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Gruppe VI: Die Gattung Euplocamus Latr., Beiträge zur Entomologie, 8 (1/2): 111-118.
Scopoli, J. A. 1763. Entomologica Carniolica exhibens Insecta Carnioliae Indigena et Distributa in Ordines, Genera, Varietates. Methodo Linnaeana. – Vindobona, 421 pp, 43 pls. [Reprinted in Graz 1972].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.02
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.04
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.06
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.11
Kurz Michael: 2016.02.04
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.31
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2016.03.31
Document released by:
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.31

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