N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Euplocamus ophisus (Cramer, 1779)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena ophisa Cramer, 1779: 20, pl. 13, fig. C
Type locality: Turkey, Constantinopel [Istanbul] (Petersen 1958)
Type: ?

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
? Euplocamus aurantiella Frivaldszky, 1835. Junior subjective synonym.

Habit:

     
: Greece, Thessalia, Meteora, Kastraki, 2003.05.20, leg. Puchmayr & Kurz, coll. Michael Kurz      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Description of adults: Examined: 1 . Forewing length: 13.5 mm. Vestiture of hair-like scales on the head dark yellow; palpi yellow, with long, downwardly distant, hair-like scales, mixed yellow and black; antennae about 3/5 of forewing length, in flagellum ringed yellow and black, bipectinate, pecten black-brown and delicately ciliated; antennae in filiform; thorax and tegulae dark yellow, spotted black; forewings black-brown with scattered blue scales and numerous dark yellow spots, two larger ones each on costa and inner margin, respectively; a row of smaller dark yellow spots from apex along outer margin, emanating and intersecting the otherwise black-brown fringe; hindwings dark brown, slightly bronzy golden shining; fringe similar; underside mostly black-brown; dark yellow spots along costa and from apex along outer margin, as on upperside emanating into the black-brown fringe; hindwings delicately yellow along costa and on apex; legs dark yellow, coxa to femora black spotted and mottled; foretibiae dark mottled; midtibiae with two broad, black-brown rings and a pair of spurs at distal end; hindtibiae unicolorous yellow, with moderately long duft of hair-like scales and a pair of spurs each at about 0.45 of tibial length and at distal end; all tarsi ringed black-brown and yellow; abdomen dark yellow, but first two segments on upperside black-brown with yellow posterior margin and 3rd segment dark mottled on anterior margin.

Variability: Following Petersen (1958), the wingspan of the imagines may vary between 17 an 30 mm.

Distribution:

The species is known from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and northern Asia Minor (Petersen 1958). Gaedike (2011) records it furthermore from Serbia and Montenegro, as well as from Macedonia. Vertically, only one record is available (375 m a.sl., see Kurz & Kurz 2014).

Biology:

     
Greece, Thessalia, Meteora, Kastraki, 2003.05.20      
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
     

Biotopes are grassy bushland and richly structured edges of woods. Several animals have been observed swarming in the evening low above the ground (Kurz & Kurz 2014). The imagines are on the wing in one generation from May to July (Petersen 1958).

Stages in development:

The early stages are unknown.

Anatomy:

     
-genitalia      
Picture from: © Petersen 1958
Detailed view
     

Genitalia. Uncus with deep medial notch; both lobes of uncus divided again; inner lobes much smaller than outer ones; chitinized rod-like plate beneath rectum slightly larger than uncus; valvae bilobed, distally on the outside slightly emarginated, inwardly the upper part convex; in the middle of this bow with a small lobe; aedeagus slender, basally only slightly inflated (Petersen 1958).

Genitalia. Not described, but very similar to Euplocamus anthracinalis (Scopoli, 1763).

Diagnosis:

Externally, as well as in the -genitlaia, the species is very well characterized and unmistakable.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Cramer, P. & C. Stoll ([1775]-1782). De uitlandsche kapellen, voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America (= Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde, l´Asie, l´Afrique et l´Amerique). S. J. Baalde & Barthelemy Wild: Amsterdam and Utrecht. 4 vol.
Gaedike, R. 2011. Tineidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.4., http://www.faunaeur.org [online 08 May 2014].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2014. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 07 May 2014].
Petersen, G. 1958. Die Genitalien der paläarktischen Tineiden (Lepidoptera: Tineidae). Gruppe VI: Die Gattung Euplocamus Latr., Beiträge zur Entomologie, 8 (1/2): 111-118.

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2013.01.20
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.07
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.08
Kurz Michael: 2014.05.11
Kurz Michael: 2016.02.04
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.30
Document reviewed by:
not reviewed: 2016.03.30
Document released by:
Kurz Michael: 2016.03.31

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