N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Phymatopus hectus (Linné, 1758)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Phalaena (Noctua) hecta Linnaeus, 1758: 822-823.
Type locality: Europe
Type: None designated

schwindsüchtiger Wurzelbohrer

Habit:

 
: Salzburg, Flachgau, Seekirchen, 1969.06.25, leg. Mairhuber Fritz, coll. Haus der Natur, Salzburg : Styria, near Graz, Einöd, 1935.06.23, leg. Feichtenberger, coll. Haus der Natur, Salzburg : Nordtirol, near Innsbruck, 1962.07.06, leg. Mairhuber Fritz, coll. Haus der Natur, Salzburg  
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
 

Distribution:

P. hectus is absent from the Iberian peninsula. Records are missing also from parts of the Balkan and the eastern part of European Russia, otherwise the species is widely distributed in Europe (Karsholt & Nieukerken 2004). There are no data available about its distribution in northern Asia. Vertically, the species has been recorded from near sea level up to at least 1700 m a.s.l. (Kurz et al. 2009).

Biology:

     
Styria, Garanaser high moor, 2004.08.07      
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
     

Preferred biotops are edges and clearings of woodland and tall herb vegetation but also gardens and parks to some extent. The males are on the wing in commuting flight for a short time in the evening. The imagines may be found from May to early August (Kurz et al. 2009).

Anatomy:

   
-genitalia -genitalia    
Picture from: © Viette 1948, modified
Detailed view
Picture from: © Viette 1948, modified
Detailed view
   

Diagnosis:

Within its distribution range, the species is well characterized by its small size, the fawn brown ground colour and the two parallel, oblique white fasciae on the forewing upperside. Quite similar in appearance are Phymatopus californicus (Boisduval, 1868) with more umber brown ground colour and Phymatopus japonicus Inoue, 1982 with somewhat reduced fasciae. Both species are allopatric, P. californicus being distributed in North America and P. japonicus in Japan.

Worth knowing:

Sources:

Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2004. Hepialidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 1.1, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 16 May 2008].
Kurz, M. A., M. E. Kurz & H. C. Zeller-Lukashort 2000–2009. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online July 28, 2009].
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Nat. ed. 10 i-ii + 1-824

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.07.29
Kurz Michael: 2010.04.15
Kurz Michael: 2012.02.04
Kurz Michael: 2017.04.26
not reviewed

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