N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Huperzia selago (L.) Bernh. ex Schrank & Mart., 1829

(botanical nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Huperzia selago (L.) Bernh. ex Schrank & Mart., 1829.
Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
Synonyms following the Plant List (2013) and IPNI (2020):

Lycopodium selago Linné, 1753: 1102. Basionym.
Mirmau selago (L.) H.P. Fuchs. Synonym.
Plananthus selago (L.) P. Beauv. Synonym.
Urostachys selago (L.) Herter. Synonym.
Huperzia selago var. appressa (Desv.) Ching. Subspecies.
Huperzia selago subsp. dentata (Herter) Valentine. Subspecies.

Teufelsklaue, Tannenbärlapp


Description: Examined: Descriptions by Adler et al. (1994) and Kremer & Muhle (1997). Height: 0,05 - 0,20 (0,30) m. Stem quickly ascending to rigid upright, fork-like branched; twigs approximated to each other, forming dense tufts; leaflets distant or erect, normally arranged in eight rows, dark green, lineal-lanceolate, entire-leaved or only weakly dentate; sporophylls similar to and of equal size of the leaves, mostly centered in the annual shots, light yellow and lightly flattened; in the axillas of the upper leaves often brood buds, which easily break off by accidential contact.


The species is distributed worldwide (GBIF 2020). In the Alps, it is found from montaneous to subnival zones from about 700 to 2400 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2020).


Biotopes are e.g. edges of light beech-fir-mixed woods above carbonate ground: Salzburg, Osterhorn group, Wolgangsee, Falkensteinwand, Scheffelblick, 2004.06.06 Salzburg, Osterhorn group, St. Gilgen, Falkenstein, Scheffelblick, 2004.06.06 Vorarlberg, Lechtaler Alpen, Arlberg pass, 2004.07.27 Salzburg, Hohe Tauern, Großarl valley, Grund,way to the Loosbühelalm, 2005.10.09
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

The species inhabits open places in woods with acid soils, elfin woodland and rocky places on silicate ground. It grows on moderately fresh to dry and poor places (Adler et al. 1994, Kurz & Kurz 2020).

Stages in development:

The plant is perennial, spores become ripe from (May) July to Dezember (Adler et al. 1994, Kurz & Kurz 2020).

Worth knowing:


Adler, W., K. Oswald & R. Fischer (1994): Exkursionsflora von Österreich, Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart und Wien
GBIF 2020. Biodiversity occurrence data accessed through GBIF Data Portal, URL: http://www.gbif.net [online 2020.07.15].
IPNI 2020. International Plant Names Index. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens [online 2020.07.14].
Kremer, B.P & H. Muhle (1997): Flechten, Moose, Farne; Herausgegeben von Gunter Steinbach, neue, bearbeitete Sonderausgabe, Mosaik Verlag, München
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2020. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 2020.07.15.].
Linné, C.v. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Verlag L. Salvius, Stockholm.
The Plant List 2013. A working list of all plant species. Version 1.1. - URL: http://www.theplantlist.org/ [online 2020.07.14].

Publication data:

Kurz Michael: 2020.07.15
not reviewed