N A T U R K U N D L I C H E S   I N F O R M A T I O N S S Y S T E M

Pharmacis (Pharmacis) carna ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

(zoological nomenclature: valid name, available)

General information:

Bombyx carna [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775: 310.
Type locality: Austria, surrounding of Vienna
Type: destroyed in the Hofburg fire in 1848 (anonymous 2009)

Synonyms, misspellings, wrong determinations, etc.:
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schwärzlicher Wurzelbohrer

Habit:

: Salzburg, Tennengau, Golling, Bluntautal, 1936.07, coll. Haus der Natur : Salzburg, Pongau, Hochkönig, Arthurhaus, 1984.08.16, coll. Haus der Natur : Salzburg, Osterhorn group, St. Kolomann, near Seewaldsee, 1983.07.16, coll. Haus der Natur : Salzburg, Tennengebirge, Tauernscharte, 2120 m, 1999.07.31, leg. et coll. Michael Kurz
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view
Picture from: Kurz Michael
Detailed view

Description of adults: Examined: 1 , 1 . Forewing length: 14.0 mm, 19.8 mm. Head small, distantly scaled with grey-brown to dark brown, hair-like scales; eyes semiglobular, black-brown; labial palpi very small, densely covered with hair-like scales; antennae filiform, relatively thick, about 4 mm long; thorax and tegulae greyish-ochreous to dark brown, covered with hair-like scales; forewings scarsely scaled, reddish ochreous-brown, more or less irrorated with black; especially in basal half numerous irregular, small, dirty white spots, mostly with diffuse borders, although often delicately dark bordered; but these spots sometimes also quite contrasting; between them, mostly also very indistinct umber brown spots; along outer margin, between veins, mostly small, dirty white spots; fringe dark brown to blackish; hindwings not completely covered with narrow, lanceolate scales, on upperside lighter or darker grey-brown, with lighter basis and costal margin and darkened outer margin; veins, especially towards outer margin, mostly very distinct, dark brown; underside unicolorous, lighter or darker grey-brown; costal margin of hindwings more brownish; veins distinctly visible on both fore- and hindwings, dark brown; fringe in chequered light ochreous and dark brown, in unicolorous dark brown; legs covered with long brown hair-like scales, without spurs; abdomen with moderately long hair-like scales () or normal scaleing (), grey-brown to dark brown, posterior segmental margins ochreous-grey on underside.

Distribution:

Following Karsholt & Nieukerken (2013), the species is distributed in central Europe except the Czech Republic, as well as in Romania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, parts of former Yugoslavia and the eastern part of European Russia. It is absent however from the asiatic part of Russia to present knowledge (Dubatolov 2015). Vertically, records are available between 400 and 2300 m a.s.l. (Kurz & Kurz 2015).

Biology:

 
Styria, Osk. Sch. Sattelhaus, 1999.07.07 Lower Austria, Hochkar area, 2004.08.12 Lower Austria, Hochkar area, 2004.08.12  
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
Picture from: © Gillmann Johannes
Detailed view
 

The species has been found on alpine meadows and around tall herb vegetation. The imagines are on the wing from June to August, with the greatest abundance in July (Kurz & Kurz 2015). The animals are diurnal.

Anatomy:

   
-genitalia -genitalia    
Picture from: © Viette 1948, modified
Detailed view
Picture from: © Viette 1948, modified
Detailed view
   

Worth knowing:

Sources:

anonymous 2009. Das Naturhistorische Museum Wien. Forschung. 2. Zoologische Abteilung (Entomologie). Geschichte. URL: http://http://www.nhm-wien.ac.at/Content.Node/forschung/2zoo/geschichte.html [online 15 September 2009].
Denis, M. & I. Schiffermüller 1775. Ankündigung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend, herausgegeben von einigen Lehrern am K.K. Theresianum. Augustin Bernardi, Wien. 322 pp.
Dubatolov, V. V. 2015. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum: Hepialidae. http://szmn.sbras.ru/Lepidop/Hepial.htm [online 18 March 2015].
Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken 2013. Hepialidae. In - Karsholt, O. & E. J. van Nieukerken (eds.). Lepidoptera, Moths. – Fauna Europaea version 2.6.2, http://www.faunaeur.org [online 18 March 2015].
Kurz, M. A. & M. E. Kurz 2000–2015. Naturkundliches Informationssystem. – URL: http://www.nkis.info [online 18 March 2015].

Publication data:

history:
Kurz Michael: 2009.07.21
Kurz Michael: 2009.07.22
Kurz Michael: 2012.02.04
Kurz Michael: 2015.03.18
not reviewed

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